Microcontroller Based Automated Irrigation System Project Report

A high populated country like India has to meet the increasing demand for food so irrigation in India should be highly sophisticated in terms of yielding additional food grains. Keeping this mind we implemented a Microcontroller Based Automated Irrigation System. This is an improved food production technology and makes full use of agricultural resources.

Proper prediction about the requirement of water is facilitated using a micro controller in this automated micro controller based automated irrigation system water is fed to the paddy fields whenever there is an intense need based on the prediction of soil moisture, The value of the pipes is controlled by the micro controller and minimizes the human errors and saves time and human effort.

Operation of the proposed circuit:

Automate irrigation system project works based up on the micro controller and the GSM modem, if the water level in the soil is below the desired level the micro controller sends a message to the farmer by means of GSM modem, if the user gives a missed call to the particular modem number the micro controller get activated and operates the relay and the relays stats the motor after sensing the required water level the micro controller sends triggers the relay circuit and the mission stops.

Download Microcontroller Based Automated Irrigation System Project Report

Youtube video link to view important details of this project.


Specification and Advantages:

This entire process to be performed the microcontroller needs to be programmed so for we program the automated irrigation system micro controller based on the requirements using embedded c programming language.

This system had several advantages, its saves a lot of human and electrical energy, maintains proper water regulation based o the weather conditions and also prevents loss of water, it is less complex and easily controlled even by illiterate persons within minutes of time, the maintenance cost is very low.

Brain Machine Interface Seminar Topic

Introduction to brain machine interface:

In this paper, we will see how the brain machine interface is made and how the capabilities of the human being can be extended. We will about the advantages of using brain machine interface and the problems faced by this.

The capabilities of a human being are limited and a capability of a machine is higher but it cannot think of its own. Research is going on for making a machine to interface with the brain by which the capabilities of a human being are far extended.

Brief on brain machine interface:

The human brain takes decisions based on the impulses generated in the body and in a human body we find millions of neurons which generate impulses. So a chip is designed and it is placed in the human body and it is made to integrate with the nerve fibers. The chip is interfaced with a remote computer outside.

The chip senses the impulses generated in the body and performs the tasks with the help of the remote computer or the server located outside. The chip is designed by using nano technology and it is constructed in such a way that it can generate the power required for it through heat generated in the body or by the flow of blood circulation.

The chip has successfully placed a body of professor in a university and he could control the appliances without lifting his hand from a given range.

Proposed Brain Systems in Future:

The proposed brain machine interface chip can be very helpful to make the organisms to work properly for the paralyzed patients. By using brain machine interface the human capabilities gets increased a lot and many technological advancements can be made.

But due to this there may differentiation in between the persons who are using the interface chips and the normal human being. All details about this system explained in the given ppt presentation.

Computer lovers can easily download brain System Technical Paper to improve their knowledge on Brain Machine Interface Application.

Artificial Intelligence Seminar Report

Artificial intelligence seminar topic covers detailed information on requirements of an artificial intelligence system , areas of artificial intelligence.

Students can refer to Seminar  presentation on related topic  with  free PPT download.

Interesting Features in Artificial Intelligence:

The speed of computation and neural networks are some of the features that make a system more intelligent. It also includes filtering and displaying of responses that are meaningful and also provides a solution to a particular question. Plus, the algorithms divide the task into several subtasks called recursion.

Youtube Video link:


Similar like that of humans  brain, computers also sometime face the problems of understanding a particular situation and adapting to a new one. The behavior of the machine improved only due to the artificial intelligence. The improved behavior helps in tackling the complex jobs that are based on the deliberate reasoning of high level, abstract thoughts and recognition of patterns. The artificial intelligence can help in understanding the process by recreating it. It helps to enhance it beyond the capabilities of the present situations.

Ambiguity  makes it difficult to understand the meaning that is intended for certain sentences and phrases. It also makes difficult to understand the inferences. Symbolic logic is an unambiguous knowledge representation that is developed originally in order to formalize the attempt for reasoning of mathematics.

Artificial Intelligence Seminar report.

The limitation of semantic networks is the structure that is added which also makes it necessary for distinguishing. The object properties and relationships of the statement are the two distinguished features of the frames. A frame comes with structures in addition and it is simply a node that facilitates the relationships between the object properties and the objects itself. It is known as a representation of “slot-and-filler”.

Reasoning for monotonic:

With time the facts also change

A gather of facts never reduces

The system of monotonic reasoning is very effective for solving problems in various situations.

Principles of NMRs

Y is concluded if the x is unknown.

Again y is concluded if x is not proven

Default reasoning is essential in the presence of incomplete details.

Wireless Communication Seminar Topic

Wireless communication seminar topic and report consists of

  • Introduction to zigbee wireless technology
  • Comparing different wireless technologies
  • Data transfer methods.

In this paper we presented a new ZIGBEE based wireless communication system. In recent days wireless technologies findings enormous applications in the field of telecommunication systems, here the data is transferred without the usage of wires by implementing the new wireless technology ZIGBEE.

This wireless communication systems find intense applications in short and medium distance data transfer systems. And had several applications in home based security, industrial automation, and automatic light control systems. This paper gives the detail study of wireless technologies and its recent advancements.

Comparing wireless and wifi technology. Wireless technology is a future technology where as WI-FI technology is general purpose network.

Introduction to ZIGBEE:

ZIGBEE is a high level communication protocol, this technology is intended to provide an cheaper and simple means of short range data transfer when compared to other wireless communications such as blue tooth, WPAN,s etc. these systems requires only 10% software requirements of conventional Bluetooth systems and these are cost effective, low power consuming devices, and highly reliable. These systems had self healing mechanisms, and can be accessed to multiple nodes.

Youtube video link:


ZIGBEE wireless communication applications:

This advanced concept had applications in systems like secure mobile payment, health care monitoring, node to node data sharing, automatic meter reading systems, home alert systems, industrial control, and embedded sensing industrial automation, smoke detecting devices and secure information delivery systems.

Wireless communication Seminar Report

Data transfer methods:

In ZIGBEE based wireless communication there are three modes of data transfer they two ways of data transfer between the coordinator and the device, i.e. coordinator to device, device to coordinator, pear to pear data transfer i.e. point to point data transfer. In pear to pear topology each individual device can communicate with its preceding device directly, as already mentioned above this ZIGBEE concept has self forming and a self healing characteristic which makes this system reliable in mesh networking.

Wireless LED Project Report

The main objective of Wireless LED project is to develop a wireless communication network operated for limited range of distances. So we implemented a “Laser based voice communication system” similar to the optical fiber communication system.

Wireless LED Project

Aim of the Laser communication system:

  • To facilitate interference free transmission of voice signals.
  • To maintain high rate of accuracy.
  • To achieve optimum secrecy with narrow beam divergence.

Circuit description:

Here in this project the laser torch acts as a carrier for laser beam transmission, we use photo LED laser transmitter in this circuit as a laser torch.

Youtube video link to view block diagram, circuit diagram for transmitter and receiver


Power supply for the circuit:

The circuit works at 5v regulated dc supply for that we used rectifying unit having step down transformer, full bridge rectifier, smoothing filter and voltage regulator.

Condenser microphone:

A condenser microphone is used in this project for the conversion of audio signals into electrical signal for transmission. These are highly sensitive devices in terms of sensing low amplitude signals.

Transmitter section:

The transmitter section had a pre amplifier, operational amplifier, heat sink and laser emitting diode.

LED laser torch:

It acts as the medium for the laser emission; it is as similar as optical fiber system, and these LED’s can operate at bandwidth of 780-980nm.

Download Wireless LED Project Report

Receiving section:

Photo detector for sensing the laser signals, audio amplifier for driving the speaker, common emitter amplifier and loud speaker for increasing the low level audio signals audible level signals.

Remote Controlled Fan Regulator Project Report

In this paper the remote controlled fan regulator project gives a better solution in order to access the electrical appliances in very quick time. Recently micro controller based automation strategies creating tremendous changes in this particular field.

Remote Controlled Fan Regulator

In present day industrial automation wireless technologies are playing a vital role in appliance control. Up to now they were several technologies were evolved in order to reduce the human efforts and controlling time.

The remote controlled fan regulator circuit diagram is shown below which consists of following major components.

About the circuit:

The circuit mainly consists of two sections one the transmitter section and the receiver section, the remote controller sends the infra red radiation beam at the transmitter section and the infra red sensor at the receiver end receives the regulated signal and then regulates the speed of the rotating fan at regular intervals at considerable rate of speed and good accuracy.

Youtube video link to view circuit diagram, block diagram.


Block diagram representation:

The prototype circuit consists of infra red receiver module with an infra red receiver which is capable of receiving signals up to 38 KHz. And an accurate pulse is derived from a mono stable multi vibrator, counter circuit with the power supply circuit, and the triac is driven by the opto isolator which is used to alter the analog and digital signals.

Download Remote Controlled Fan Regulator Project Report

Wireless Networks Seminar

Introduction to wireless networks:

For any communication network it requires a medium for transmission of the signals. Previously wired networks are used in which cables are used for transmission of the signals and due to advancements in technology wireless networks are introduced in which the information signals are transmitted using free space. In this Wireless Networks Seminar paper we will see about various wireless communication networks and devices and their working model and their frequency ranges.

Wireless Networks Seminar

Brief on wireless networks and devices:

The radio communication signals are invented in the 1880’s and later the wireless revolution came in the 19th century and any advancements have taken and now we are using microwaves and laser light for carrying the information.

In the first generation networks the bandwidth capabilities are very less and they are used only for making voice calls, later second networks are introduced which has increased bandwidth and it has added features like browsing capabilities and short message services but it did not have high data rates.

Now the transformation has taken to third generation networks which have enhanced bandwidth capabilities and high data rates. Foe limited usage of wireless networks zigbee protocols are used which is used in short distances and it is used in wireless local area networks.


Thus we can say that wireless networks allow transmitting signals without the usage of cables. We can transmit signals in very short ranges by using Bluetooth devices and zigbee protocols.

Wireless networks require less maintenance and the faults can be easily identified as they contain only transmitting and receiving systems. Wireless communications are used in space satellites and in mobile networks and the disturbances occurring in these are very less.

Download Wireless Networks Seminar Report and Topic

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Satellite Communications Seminar

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Low Power Design in VLSI M.tech ECE Presentation PPT

Introduction to Low Power Design in VLSI M.tech ECE Presentation:

The electronics industry has achieved a consistent growth over two decades mostly to the advances in integration technologies and large-scale systems design – i.e. due to the advent of VLSI. The number of applications based on integrated circuits resulted in high-performance computing, telecommunications, and consumer electronics has been increasing. In this paper we discuss about VLSI, its design styles and its design cycle.

One of the most important characteristics of for today’s services focuses on the higher bandwidth and also high processing power. The other characteristic which is focused more is the personalized services to the user depending on the user requirement which includes the flexibility also the mobility feature.

When we consider VLSI design styles, several design styles can be considered for chip implementation of specified algorithms. Each design style has its own advantages as well as disadvantages and thus an appropriate choice has to be made by designers in order to provide the functionality at low cost. It includes Field Programmable Gate Array an array of logic cells connected via routing channels. These cells include Special I/O cells and logic cells. When we consider that other design style which comes after FPGA is Gate Array, which is capable of processing fast. The implementation includes with the metal mask design and also processing.

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Download Low Power Design in VLSI M.tech ECE Presentation PPT  

PPT Topic for Telecommunication on General Packet Radio Service with Presentation

Introduction to General Packet Radio Service Technical Seminar Topic:

The paper is about the GPRS. All the organizations which are either small or either medium or even the large scale is finding measures, so that the network traffic can be controlled in such a way that the flow of resources is good so that the operations can be performed well. Measures include controlling traffic using limited bandwidth for certain applications and minimal bandwidth for others and assigning priorities.

The implementation of this systems are complex, and is composed of the three components which are radio-equipped, also the cell sites of handsets and also includes the fabric of communications.   

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A great speed can be achieved with the usage of the GPRS. It is capable of transmitting information is faster, immediate and also in an efficient manner in the mobile network. It provides support for the internet connection.

We can conclude that the GPRS provides high speed services and also helps in assuring the security. The speed of the GPRS is three times faster when compared to the data transmission speed of other telecommunication networks.

Download PPT Topic for Telecommunication on General Packet Radio Service with Presentation.