The Human Resources and TCO Total Cost of Ownership Literature Review

By making use of the different types of the storage resources in an efficient manner the storage consolidation is capable of offering the considerable savings of cost towards the traditional DAS. The major cost within the establishments of the DAS is that there is a necessity of managing the different systems in which the original storage is considered to be the primary cost within the NAS as well as SANs. The total number of the individuals who are needed to help the DAS entirely depends on the total numbers of the servers that are installed. Anyhow the servers are not being added by means of the SANs and the NAS they will just perform the storage process and for this reason there is only a necessity of the less number of users.

If the customers imagines the total numbers of the TB that belongs to the data could be easily controlled by means of the administrator run which is full time starts from 1.5 to 5.0 for the purpose of the DAS through the 6.0 to 13.3 for the purpose of NAS or SAN. On the other hand if the customer specifies that the usage of the disk is nearly 50% upon the DAS then that specific usage will increase nearly to the 90% which is intended for the purpose of the SAN as well as NAS. The SAN as well as NAs are capable of using the capacity that is available in an efficient manner and it is even simple to scale up the NAS and the SAN. 

Breakdown of the storage

Fig: Breakdown of the storage costs per MB for the DAS, SAN as well as NAS. 

This figure will specify the procedure of cost breakdown for the purpose of the DAS, SAN and NAS. By this figure it is clear that the administration is the majority of cost for the DAS and the storage media is the majority of cost for the SAN as well as NAS.

The high availability, the reliability as well as the performance are the major reasons for the establishing the storage consolidation. The high availability is being used for the purpose of accessing the data without any interruption. The reliability is intended for the purpose of the decreasing the downtime and to improve the continuity of the business. The performance is meant for the purpose of processing the quick transaction in order to develop the entire productivity.

Each and every specified attributes could be easily accessed by making use of the SANs as well as NAS. There is a necessity of the several types of the equal systems in which one system will have no work to do that will even wait for the failure of the other system in order to perform this action. Within the entire process if the server of the DAS gets failed then the entire data storage which is associated with the server will not be available and the data can be restored when the server is restored. The process of decreasing the performance as well as the availability for allowing the data to be more vulnerable to the disturbances is the time consuming process and cannot be processed in an easy way. The final solution for the user to access without any interruptions is using the SAN or else the NAS which is not having any failures as well as using several numbers of the paths that are related to the data access times. The final conclusion is that it is better to use the SAN or NAS than that of the DAS.

Literature Review on Scaling Up And Out in NAS and SAN Technology

Because of the presence of more numbers of the smart switches the SANs as well as the NAS are capable of scaling up and out which could be surrounded by the unnecessary failure fabrics. By making use of the different types of the path these fabrics are capable of detecting the different failures as well as it will even redirect various requests of the users towards the mirror images.

By performing this process the availability of the user will not be disturbed and the servers as well as the storages will be added and then there is a necessity of the programmed downtime which is capable of decreasing the productivity of the user. The DAS is being connected with one or more number of the servers and if it uses the other server then it will not be able to access the capability of the server which is already used in the process.

The different types of the data of the users are being transferred by the SANs as well as NAs towards the available capacity. The storage which is unused can be allotted to the different servers by making use of the strategy called storage pooling. In order to attain the scalability of the performance the process of carrying out the storage consolidation is considered to be one of the best method.

File or Web and Database Applications in SAN and NAS Technology

The File or Web and Database Applications

The main concern within the process designing the storage consolidation is the access towards the different types of the applications. Each and every application will have its own methods and approaches for performing the process of data transfer. The major difference among the SAN and the NAS is the data transfer mechanisms through which the data is transferred by using some applications.

The SAN will move the huge chunks of data that is being transferred in a reliable manner by making use of the fabric protocol which depends on the different commands of the SCSI. But the NAS totally depends on the TCP or else the IP Ethernet which is capable of transmitting the small chunks of data. In different types of the circumstances the SANs are utilized as the subsystem of backend storage for the purpose of the installation of the large NAS in order to make the restore and backup tasks easy which will even decrease the traffic present within the networks of corporate.

The specific types of applications like the database and emails which utilizes the block access process in order to achieve the I/O on the data are considered to be the best applications that are more suitable to the SAN. The different applications could be easily balanced within each and every server towards any types of the storage fabrics.

By offering the on demand capability the storage is being distributed towards the different types of the servers. By decreasing the development and growth prices the reliable performance delivers the high bandwidth, the low latency interconnects as well as the switches of fibre channels. In the present circumstances related to the business there is always a necessity of the storing the consolidation applications in a success manner to improve the performance of the continuity systems of the business.

Basics of File Storage Process Literature Review

The file is considered as the set of the collection of the information which is rationally assembled into the group of single individual which is being referenced through the specific single name called filename. Basically there are two types of the end user devices such as data files such as the text documents, the spreadsheets, the images, videos and the system files like operating system, the binaries as well as the libraries of the applications.

The files are explained with their name as well as they are being stored managed and then accessed. The directories are so called the folders that can be considered as the organizational structures which are being utilized by the file systems towards the group files. The main purpose of the file systems is to secure and store the different types of the files, the system and data files, the metadata which is upon the storage media.

The lasting data is even maintained by the storage media which is considered as the data that is gathered from the deleted files. By making use of the end user devices as well as the forensic analysis process the lasting data could be recovered in an easy manner.

MS Dissertation Literature Review on Solid State Memories and RAM

Solid state memories

Memories of the solid state are becoming rapidly the medium which is dominant for storage of information in digital systems. Steady is presented in their ascendance, slow is presented until recently. Dramatically solution has modified during previous few years as a consequence of circuit and technology advances providing substantial advantages to the user in words of versatility, performance and cost.

The industry of semiconductor is considered as one high technology which is characterized by ever greater complexity, improved performance and decreasing prices. With this supply frustrations, product obsolescence and poor component standardization, with product life which value is less than five years time. In no place has this true than in memories of semiconductor as well as especially integrated circuits of random-access-memory of metaloxide-silicon dynamic. 

The task of memory-systems designer has turn into very many anxieties not only with choosing the most suitable component for specific application, however also in selecting the best technology as well as the correct vendor.


Memories of the computer can be separated into important categories: serial-access as well as random-access memories, a crack which reflects performance/ cost trade-off by the manufacturer of the computer. R.A.M. presently specifies the market major part. It was improved with a strategy of product targeted at emulating systems of core memory. With this market which is associated is considered as largest technologies range, manufacturers and devices. Even within any one device and technology capacity, different products proliferation may shown. Such as, the dynamic RAM of 4 k ^-channel available having at least five of three different packages pin out versions with numerous variations of electrical-specification. Recently only did the types of the 16-pin 4027 really undisputed leadership of the command. 

Second category is also specified here which is named as serial memories. These memories are specified in which information may be located in or subtracted from a place in specific sequence of the time. The shift register of serial-out/ serial-in is considered as simple example. At current time serial memory is adapted using magnetic disc or tape. Now this position is threatened by two technologies which are new. These are magnetic-bubble devices and charge-coupled devices. In specifically require to compare and consider the roles of m.b.d.s. and c.c.d.s in micro computing systems as serial memories.

Charge coupling is considered as all mobile collective transfer within the element of a semiconductor mobile electric charge saved to similar, by voltages external manipulation adjacent element. The stored charge quality in this ‘packet’ of mobile can widely vary, based on, such as, the voltage which is applied. The electric charge amount in every packet can specify the data in an analogue sense. 

Basically two c.c.d types are presented, one is buried channel and another one is surface channel. With devices of surface channel, the charge is saved as well as passed at the surface of silicon, whereas, with devices of buried-channel, the silicon substrate doping is changed so that the transfer and storage of charge takes area in the silicon bulk just beneath the surface of silicon.

In operation, the device of a charge-coupled can be about as an m.o.s. transistor simple extension, as well as is dramatically shown in figure. The basic devices have closely spaced control linear arrays of electrodes on the electric layer of continuous silicon-dioxide dielectric, which covers the substrate material of the single-crystal silicon. Charge transfer as well as storage performed in the device channel regions generally which are bounded by stop diffusions of high concentration channel. Within the beneath of the depletion region the channel is presented as given electrode is named a charge packet.