In this density based traffic light control system project we presented an micro controller based traffic density controller for solving issues in existing system.
Density Based Traffic Light Control System
Now a day’s traffic controlling in the urban areas is becoming very difficult due to enormous increase of automobiles. So in order to rectify this problem we presented a nice way to regulate the vehicles in crowd and a junction area which eliminates the involvement of humans in its operation.
In recent days the wireless technologies were changing the entire criteria of the appliance control system and they acting as an crucial prospect in automation, due to the implication of the micro controller in the controller strategies the intelligent and the commanding prompts done by the human were easily performed by these fabricated chips in very less period of time at high levels of accuracy.
Youtube video link to view circuit diagram block diagram
The prototype in this project is a four junction setup; an infrared receiver is placed quite opposite to the infrared transmitter at the each junction nodes.
Interference between the transmitter and the receiver causes a interrupt signal which activated the relay and the micro controller acts whenever a considerable amount of the vehicles deposited at the respective nodes. The micro controller sends the abrupt timing signals to the traffic lights based on the varying intensities of the vehicles.
Download Density Based Traffic Light Control System Project Report
- Traffic supervisor with high accuracy and reliability.
- Regulates the dense traffic with is less operational speed.
Industrial robotics Project Report highlights the importance of the manipulating robots in the present day advanced modified manufacturing techniques in industries. Apart from the conventional manual manufacturing process these automated techniques plays a vital role in performing repetitive tasks and their by increases the productivity levels.
Here in this paper we particularly concentrate on the aspects like implementation and the applications of these industrial manipulators with its future enhancements.
Introduction of robotics:
Robotics is nothing but the science and technology which deals with the design, construction and implementation of multi functional manipulating electro mechanical devices which can perform tasks repeatedly.
What is automation:
The science dealt in the manufacturing of self acting and self moving machines i.e. development of the sequential program which can access the electro mechanical devices effectively.
Different kinds of automation:
Till now automation is classified as three types firstly fixed automation secondly flexible automation and finally programmable automation.
- Fixed automation- adopted in bulk productivity areas where an efficient and constant high production rate is required i.e. nuts and bolts manufacturing.
- Flexible automation – whenever there is a requirement of variations in the production of the components flexible automation is implicated i.e. manufacturing of nuts and bolts of different kinds.
- Programmable automation – an program of instruction where made in the areas where there is a need of variety of products of lesser quantity with greater flexibility.
Download Industrial Robotics Project Report.
10 GIGABIT ETHERNET
LAN forms basis for all fields like commercial, can be research and even data communication. But the present application asks for higher bandwidth so that huge data is sent. Ethernet which is a cost-effective technology is being used for all local area networks. For high speed a transmission medium called coaxial cable is used along with repeaters. And using transceivers around 250 machines can be attached via transceivers. So that maximum speed can be obtained. Optical Ethernet is a technology which helps Ethernet to extend LAN into MANS AND WANS. Where the usage of Ethernet LAN is mostly in enterprise applications where as optical Ethernet is providing service I.e. it is responsible for delivery of data on time to different users based on their requirement.
The data is sent via frames. An Ethernet frame consists of the fields with minimum packet size and maximum packet size, both source and destinations address, and also a protocol-type field. And the address fields needs to be globally unique. i.e. Ethernet is simple technology. Ethernet supports IP traffic as IP and Ethernet together and Optical Ethernet supports all types of applications it can be either voice applications or data applications.
10 Gigabit Ethernet:
The one Gigabit Ethernet is used in large number of corporate and even the public networks then the movement of Ethernet from LAN encompass to MAN. In the time 10 Gigabit Ethernet standards has reached its completion.
Conclusion: We can conclude that Ethernet which is a cost-effective technology is being used for all local area networks. For high speed a transmission medium called coaxial cable is used along with repeaters.
Introduction to Low Power Design in VLSI M.tech ECE Presentation:
The electronics industry has achieved a consistent growth over two decades mostly to the advances in integration technologies and large-scale systems design – i.e. due to the advent of VLSI. The number of applications based on integrated circuits resulted in high-performance computing, telecommunications, and consumer electronics has been increasing. In this paper we discuss about VLSI, its design styles and its design cycle.
One of the most important characteristics of for today’s services focuses on the higher bandwidth and also high processing power. The other characteristic which is focused more is the personalized services to the user depending on the user requirement which includes the flexibility also the mobility feature.
When we consider VLSI design styles, several design styles can be considered for chip implementation of specified algorithms. Each design style has its own advantages as well as disadvantages and thus an appropriate choice has to be made by designers in order to provide the functionality at low cost. It includes Field Programmable Gate Array an array of logic cells connected via routing channels. These cells include Special I/O cells and logic cells. When we consider that other design style which comes after FPGA is Gate Array, which is capable of processing fast. The implementation includes with the metal mask design and also processing.
The GA chip utilization factor is higher when compared to that of FPGA and in terms of speed also it is higher. One of the most custom design styles is Semi-Custom design style. All the used logic cells are developed and characterized and stored in cell library. When we consider the full custom design, the mask design implemented without the usage of the library.
Download Low Power Design in VLSI M.tech ECE Presentation PPT
Introduction to Electrical Seminar Topic on Broadband over Power lines:
This paper presentation seminar is about broadband over the power lines. These applications are completely based on the electrical devices and much more related to the sector of the electric gadgets. The broadband over power lines abbreviated as the BPL is the new scientific technology which has emerged in the world where competition worth a lot.
This make the use of the Internet services which provides a high speed to the access of the home devices by the very unique way called as the common electrical outlets. This has the whole combination of the technical principles of the radio wavelengths, networking protocols and the modems.
There are two types of the Broadband over power lines services like the In House BPL and the Access BPL. The main aim of the device is to transfer the desired data by making the use of the Alternate Currents. Here the data has to be compulsorily distinguished into a different data link. These systems are now used by the electrical factories and industries to control the performance of the grids nodes. There are some of the related solutions that are available based on the networking. This system can also be used in the home and also for the business purposes.
The advantages of the BPL are it is not very expensive devices as it is available at a normal cost. It does not require any more wire connections and the circuits. The network uses add nil cost to the bill that will be generated. This is the handy and the easiest method to connect the computer system in the different rooms. This system works at a very large speed taking 14 megabits per seconds at a time. This system also permits to access the internet in the rural based area. The future of this system is very bright as it traps the attraction of the user easily.
Download Electrical Seminar Topic and PPT on Broadband over Power lines .
Introduction to Bluetooth Based Smart Sensor Networks Seminar Topic:
Now a day’s the Bluetooth device has become and generates a great importance in the daily needs of the people’s. The users require Bluetooth after each and every successful work to transfer the data or to communicate with the other person totally free and with less cost too. The communication strengths of the device is fast, never down, The paths of the delivering information is automatic as it’s the device related to the future applications and devices. These entire systems are allocated to work on the sensors and the controllers are controlled and configure by the actuators.
The existing system called the Bluetooth has the operation of system which is completely not under license and is based on the ISM band with the total frequency of 2.4 GHz for the better spreading of the machinery techniques. A normal Bluetooth device only has the range of the 10 meters and it can also be incremented upto 100 meters too.
This standard channel of the Bluetooth device supports a standard bandwidth of approximate 1 Mb/sec. These Bluetooth are combined connected to a single piconet where each piconet has a content of eight Bluetooth devices together. These eight devices have the seven of it as the slave devices and one as the master device of the Bluetooth connection.
This Bluetooth provides a large chance of the sensory networks and architectural plans too. The architecture plans have a section of wireless connections which is even connected with the Bluetooth services also. When a person using the Bluetooth gets into the supported area then the person automatically gets connected with the Bluetooth services wireless only. In future the developers are even trying to increment the use of Bluetooth services for data analysis and also the data concentric system. Many newest products are been launched in the market regarding the Bluetooth services and the system.
Download Bluetooth Based Smart Sensor Networks ECE Seminar Report .
Wound magnetic devices are designed to transfer of energy over a wide frequency range. Usually broadband transformers are wound on ferrite rods and threads. This is used in the equipment of Telecomm. Binocular cores and Balun are used for broadband transformers and it must accommodate RF power.
Conventional and transmission-line types are the two kinds of transformers:
The former type allows transformation ratio that we usually need
The latter comes with parallel or twisted wingdings that helps to produce a specific interface of transformations like 16:1 and 4:1 and 9:1.
For determining the Minimum- Number – of – Turns impedance ratio square root is used. The primary resistance is around 5 times the impedance. A resistance of 1000 ohms is allowed with a 200 ohm to 50 ohm transformer and it needs inductance of 88 uh.
Ferrites are used for Balun cores. The core material permeability is usually around 850 to 900. It is designed by placing two thirds of far-right side by side. Quick setting epoxy is used to glue cores together to create separate toroid tubes of two.
Usually frequency based broadband transformers have medium or low level of frequency. Fair-Rite 78 or 77 materials are examples of manganese zinc ferrites and they are very ideal. In order to reduce the Rdc ratio core geometry be used. For a high level of frequency Nicke zinc ferrites are used as the core materials. The band pass lies above 500 kHz.
For active mixer broadband transformers are used as output. For matching an antenna of 50 ohms to a grounded gate an amplifier is used to receive and convert. Two broadband transformers are used in push-pull RF power amplifier.
Transformers can also be created for providing DC isolation. Matching of impedance and specific voltage and current ratios. It provides coverage of 1.8 to 30 MHz and have an efficiency of 90% range.