Category Archives: ECE and EEE Project Abstracts

This category consists of latest abstracts which can be used for institutions for developing new projects for electrical and electronic final year students. Electronics students can download mini and major projects with abstracts and project reports.

Design and Implement a Healthcare Monitoring and Management System IoT Project

Nowadays Internet of Things is bringing a revolution in the infrastructure of technologies. The IoT-based health monitoring system is essentially a patient monitoring system in which he can be supervised 24*7. Remote Patient Monitoring arrangement enables observation of patients outside of customary clinical settings (e.g. at home), which expands access to human services thus bringing down costs. Healthcare is given extreme importance by each country with the advent of the novel coronavirus. Recently there has been a spike in the use of smartphones and along with that, wearable sensor remote health monitoring has evolved quickly. IoT not only helps in preventing the spread of disease but also in getting a proper diagnosis, even if the doctor is present at a remote distance By facilitating effortless interaction among various modules, IoT has enabled us to implement various complex systems such as smart home appliances, smart traffic control systems, etc.

PROPOSED SYSTEM:

The main objective of this Healthcare Monitoring and Management System is to develop, design, and implement a smart patient healthcare monitoring system. The sensors used here are embedded in the body of the patient to sense the parameters like the heartbeat and temperature. These sensors are connected to a master unit, which calculates all of their values. These values are then transmitted by leveraging IoT cloud technology, to the base. From the base station, these can be easily accessed by the doctor present at some other location. Thus based on the temperature and heartbeat values, the doctor can decide the state of the patient and appropriate measures can be taken.

OBJECTIVE:

Monitor patient parameters remotely to increase the efficacy of healthcare management systems

IDEATION:

We need to monitor the patient parameters from remote distances using various sensors. The data given out by the sensors are then sent over to the cloud for further access via a Wi-Fi module (inbuilt or externally connected). This is being done to reduce the critical time of testing patient parameters before any major operation.

Here we are measuring the temperature and pulse parameter of a patient remotely.

Components required:-

MLX 90614 Temperature
MAX 30102 Pulse Rate
Jumper wires.
Nodemcu ESP8266 board

The Gantt Chart is shown below:-

smart patient healthcare monitoring system

Summary:-

 Health care is given extreme importance nowadays by each country with the advent of the novel coronavirus. Thus in this regard, an IoT-controlled healthcare monitoring system is most probably the best solution for such an epidemic. Internet of Things (IoT) is the new revolution of the internet which is a growing research field, especially in health-related services.

“Healthcare Monitoring and Management System” is the project where we have mainly focused on two objectives first one was a smart health monitoring system, to collect the health history of patients with a unique ID and store it in a database so that doctors need not spend much of their time in search of the report and give analysis right from the dashboard. Any health care that is being done will be updated and reflected in the dashboard itself. And the other one is the Wearable-Sensor-Based Fall Detection System for aged people, to monitor their movements of them, recognize a fall from normal daily activities by using sensors, and automatically send a request or an alert for help to the caregivers so that they can pick up the patient.

However, there are a few shortcomings to this too. Basic knowledge of the operation is to be learned by the caregivers. Also, both the caregiver and the wearer should know how to protect the sensors from water damage or any physical damage. 

  • Planning and project management 

S.No.

Activity

Starting Week

Number of Weeks

1.

Literature Review

1st week of January

 2

2.

 Project Finalization

3rd week of January

 1

3.

Required software setup

4th week of January

 1

4.

Gathering of Hardware & Formation of codes

1st week of February

1

5.

Hardware assembly calibration

2nd week of February

 1

6.

Code Integration & Debugging

3rd week of February

 2

7.

Inclusion of IoT and Blynk

1st week of March

 1

8.

Finalization & modification of Website and mobile application

1st week of March

 1

9.

 Preparation of project report

2nd-3rd week of March

 2

10.

Preparation of Project presentation

4th week of March

1

Raspberry Pi Project on Intelligent Door Access Management System

Today the world has been far more advanced in technology than in the last 3 decades and with that, there are advances in the technologies that help to keep our homes safe. With the help of IoT now we can track our house even when we are on vacation.

The significance and the purpose of our Door Access Management System are to make the user’s home much safer by increasing security and giving the user full control of the system.

Introduction

Background of Project

When we are at work, we may have an important meeting and may not be in time to receive our guests and they may need to wait outside. The same may happen if we are on a vacation and to safeguard from Intruders.

The duty of an Engineer is to provide solutions for the problems faced every day with upcoming technologies and we have come up with a model which will help to solve them.

Statement of the problem

This project will create a smart doorbell messaging system so that when a guest clicks on the button, obtains an image of the user via a camera peripheral, uploads the image and event data to a Googles Firebase cloud, and sends a messaging with some message to notify that a guest has arrived.

Aims and Objectives of the project

The main objective of the project is to make a Smart door system. The other objectives are: –

  • To include an access button to allow the user to open/close the door

Materials

The main components of the Intelligent Door Access Management System are as follows:

  • Raspberry pi 3    
  • Push-button 
  • Logitech Camera                                                     
  • Stepper motor

Working

The first step was to make an interface between the Push button and the Camera using Raspberry Pi so that when the button was pressed the camera would take a picture. The next step is to connect the camera to the Firebase Cloud to upload the images in the Firebase Storage and send the image’s URL to the Firebase Database.

Next using Android Studio, a Mobile application was designed to retrieve the image from the Firebase Database. Using Node JS push messaging is also added along with the mobile app such that when someone is at the door a notification pops out. They can Open or Close the door using the buttons in the app. When pressed the data is sent to Firebase Database and retrieved by the Raspberry Pi which then operates the door.

Flow Diagram

Block Diagram of Door Access System

Bill of Materials:

Materials

Cost (in Rs.)

Logitech camera

1350

Raspberry Pi 3B

3500

Micro-Stepper motor

400

Push Button

50

Contingency

700

Total

6000

 

Future scope

  • Face recognition can be implemented to allow family members /regular guests
  • It can be integrated with a burglar alarm and inform the police of intruders 

Conclusion

The project “Intelligent Door Access Management System” has been tested real-world scenario and the door is opened or closed by the commands given by the user

GPS-based Child Tracker with Emergency Text Alerts IoT Project

The hectic life of parents makes it very difficult to personally look after the kids. To overcome the problem of personal monitoring of children, we have come up with the idea of a GPS-based tracker with text alerts when the child is not present in the specified region.

Problem Statement:

To solve the problem of difficulty in keeping a check on children while they are playing in open areas while letting the children have their freedom to play from constantly being mocked by parents and to monitor the whereabouts of children by working parents. There is a similar project on Women Security System that can be seen here

Project Working Process:

Hardware Components

  • Arduino UNO
  • GPS Module
  • GSM/GPRS Module 

Software’s Used

  • Arduino IDE
  • Android (MIT App Inventor)

In this context, the solution we propose is a GPS-based Child Tracker with Emergency Text Alerts android application that can help the parents in tracking the presence of their children. This application works with the help of android mobile-enabled with the ‘SMS’ feature and ‘Global-Positioning System (GPS)’ on the GSM network.

This Child Tracker with Emergency Notifier application works in two ways, the first is GPS-based is related to the Location services, and the second is SMS-based which is related to Network services. In case when the Location-based services not working then the application alternatively use Network-based services that can send and receive messages.

Block Diagram:

CHILD TRACKER WITH EMERGENCY NOTIFIER Block Diagram

The GSM and GPS module is connected to Arduino Uno. The GSM module has a sim (data) through which we can receive message alerts and the GPS helps to track the location.

The data is sent to the cloud from GSM using AT commands and HTTP. The cloud is connected to the mobile app and the data is displayed in the app installed on the parent’s mobile.

Useful Projects on Self Security in Emergency Situations:

Self Security through GPS based Protection System

Stay Safe Women Security Android App Project Report

The GPS-based Child Tracker with Emergency Text Alerts app is integrated with maps and geo-fence.

The GPS is connected to Arduino using a VCC pin, GND pin, RX pin, and TX pin. Connections: VCC to 3V3, GND to GND, RX to TX, and TX to RX respectively. GSM is connected to Arduino using VCC, GND, RX, and TX pins. Connections: VCC to 5V, GND to GND, pin 3 to TX, pin 4 to RX respectively.

A tiny GPS++ library is included. Using IBM cloud (node-red flow editor) the data is sent to a mobile app developed using MIT app inventor.

Home Safety and Security System Using IoT Project

The main objective of the Home Safety and Security System Using IoT project is to implement a home safety and security system with the following features:

  • Monitoring and detection of leaks in LPG gas
  • Unauthorized opening of door/window

Hardware Requirements:

The hardware for the project consists of:

GISMO-V board with:

  • ESP32 dual-core 32-bit processor with Wi-Fi and BLE
  • MQ6 sensor module
  • Magnetic switch assembly
  • 0.96” OLED display with 128×64 resolution

Cloud Platform:

In this project, we are going to use Google’s firebase as a cloud database. It is a No-SQL database in which data is stored as Key-Value pairs.

To access the database the following credentials are required

  • Host URL
  • Database authentication key

These credentials are put into the ESP32 firmware to access the Google Firebase.
The keys used to store the parameter values in the project are:

  • IOTLAB/HSSS/Gas_Leak
  • IOTLAB/ HSSS/Window_Open

Mobile App:

  • The Modular rapid mobile app development utility is used for the development of the mobile app. The utility has two modes, a Developer mode, and a Blocks mode. Different functional blocks are available in developer mode, they are – User Interface, Sensors, Connectivity, Firebase, and so on.
  • In the Blocks mode, a timer with timing set to two seconds will fetch the LPG gas concentration and magnetic switch status values from the Firebase database and fill it in the appropriate place in the UI.
  • To access the Firebase dataset its credentials will be placed in the Firebase component of the Modular app.

Mobile App development of Home Safety and Security System Using IoT Project

Results and Conclusions:

With the help of the MQ6 sensor and magnetic switch we monitored the leakage in LPG gas and also the window/door open status.
We can get notified with the help of the mobile app.

Download the complete Home Safety and Security System Using IoT Project code, report, PPt, design document, and SRS.

A Smart & Secure Helmet IoT Project

Abstract

This A Smart & Secure Helmet IoT Project is aimed at using the concept of the Internet of Things(IoT) and chemistry with the rider’s helmet to provide extensive safety, guidance, and health care features. The following features are planned to be implemented in a phase-wise manner in the project :

1. Internet of Things(IoT) based traffic emergency system

2. Internet of Things(IoT) based traffic guidance system

3. Extensive protection from sunstrokes

4. GPS tracking

All these facilities are to be implemented on the helmet with maximum cost efficiency to make the final product within the reach of the Indian common man.

Goal

The goal of this project is :

  • To provide advanced traffic safety mechanisms through IoT to the people at affordable costs.
  • To provide IoT based traffic guidance system to the people – first target: Tier-1 cities in India
  • To provide extensive protection from sun strokes, especially during the hot summer season in India
  • To make this project an innovative platform for many other applications like Easy GPS tracking, Health sensor, etc.

Motivation

There has been a multiple-fold rise in the number of road accidents in recent days and many times, emergency services have faced difficulty in a timely response to the situation.

In large cities, sometimes the emergency services find it difficult to locate the spot of the accident based on a phone call.

Companies(logistics, customer service) face difficulties in tracking the vehicles of their employees

Even with the heavy risk of not wearing a helmet, People do it as they find it inconvenient to wear a helmet in hot humid sub-Continent conditions. Our new chemical system compartment in the helmet solves it.

All these situations prompted us to look into the possibility of IoT coming up helping the people in these cases and we found out that in the initial phases of our project we can use the helmets used by people while driving. Later the same technology can be used on other vehicles to provide an all-around extensive safety mechanism.

Class Diagram:

ADVANTAGES

The helmet will be mounted with appropriate sensors at appropriate positions on the helmet. They are calibrated to sense high impact due to an accident or crash.

Once they detect the designated input, the rider’s location is immediately sent to a cloud of hospitals where the nearest hospital is notified about that so that the ambulance can reach the spot immediately.

1. Immediate response to any accident by the emergency services since all of them become a part of the network(of things).

2. The location of the accident is too updated to the emergency services so that finding the location won’t be such a trouble.

3. Details of the personnel are also updated to the emergency service center so that formalities of paperwork may be completed beforehand.

4. Continues tracking of employees for Companies like logistics, customer service, etc.

5. Proper Traffic Guidance using Google Services.

6. Humidity reduction inside Helmet.

7. Many inbuilt Bluetooth facilities like automatic call acceptance(while driving) etc.

Conclave on the Internet of Things provided us with exposure to the applications of the concept of the Internet of Things(IoT) and several other creative approaches that solve the day-to-day problems by invoking the inter-connection and sharing between the day-to-day products.

Apart from the conclave, we would like to appreciate the suggestions and help from the faculties which proved to be a priceless booster to our project.

We are a team dedicated to the research and development of creative solutions to day-to-day problems. We aim at creating smart, simple, innovative ad cost-effective solutions which could be affordable for the common man of India.

Future Work

PROTOTYPE-II: To implement a traffic guidance system using Google services.

PROTOTYPE-III: To implement a fully integrated traffic safety and guidance system

Cloud-enabled Vehicle Theft and Accident Detection System Project

For vehicle theft, in this project for the opening of the door we first click on the button, after a few seconds we get an OTP (random number) generated by Arduino through the GSM module to the phone number stored in the Arduino, we again text back the same random number.

After some time the OTP will be checked, if it’s correct the door will be opened, in our Vehicle Theft and Accident Detection System project the servo motor rotates, if it’s wrong the buzzer will ring indicating someone is opening or stealing the vehicle

A mobile phone is also used for the owner’s interaction with the device installed in the vehicle, so that, when the owner wants to track the vehicle, only he/she can do it.

PROPOSED WORK

In this Cloud-enabled Vehicle Theft and Accident Detection System Project work, we use the accelerometer to detect the position on different axis (to detect the toppling condition) of the vehicle during an accident. The output of the accelerometer acts as an input to the microcontroller present on the board. The GSM & GPS module fitted onto the device computes the latitude and longitude value for the vehicle. The time, latitude, and longitude values are recorded periodically. The sensor value is transmitted to the cloud in the event of an occurrence of an accident.

A continuous application runs in the background and recursively compares each vehicle’s sensor field to some standard value. A deviation from the standard value retrieves the address of the location from the last updated longitude and latitude via the API.

The occurrence of an accident is promptly reported to nearby hospitals and the police through the messaging service. With the GSM and GPS module installed in the device, the location of the car can be tracked in real-time, which helps the police to recover a stolen car.

Download the complete CLOUD-ENABLED-VEHICLE-THEFT-AND-ACCIDENT-DETECTION-SYSTEM source code, Project Report, PPT, and Output Video Files and Android apk.

Temperature Based DC Fan Control ECE Project Abstract

The point of the project is to outline a programmed temperature based fan control system that controls the speed of the fan. On the off chance that the temperature expands the speed of the fan additionally increments, and the temperature diminishes the speed of the fan likewise diminishes.

Mechanizing the on/off condition of a fan is valuable from numerous points of view it keeps the misuse of vitality when it’s not sufficiently hot for a fan to be required; it additionally makes it conceivable to screen situations that are not happy, or conceivable, for people to screen, particularly for broadened timeframes.

By interfacing a temperature sensor to a PolyBlock in Compare Mode, it’s very easy to turn on a fan when the incentive from the temperature sensor surpasses a given edge. Associating the fundamental segments for a Temperature Controlled Fan is clear. The thought is that the temperature sensor delivers a voltage that is corresponding to the temperature in degrees.

The project comprises of a microcontroller a temperature sensor ADC DC motored fan and a DC engine driver, the temperature sensor ADC and a DC engine driver are interfaced to the microcontroller. At the point when the framework is exchanged on the microcontroller empowers every one of its peripherals and begins perusing the information from the ADC and contrasts those qualities and the set predefined esteems if the temperature esteem surpasses the set predefined esteems then the microcontroller works the DC engine driver to expand the driving ebb and flow of the engine in order to build the speed and abatement the driving ebb and flow when temperature diminishes this shows the ADC esteems are straightforwardly corresponding driving ebb and flow of the DC engine, the DC engine driver is thusly associated with the DC engine.

In this way, we outline a temperature based microcontroller worked DC fan control.

Block Diagram of Temperature Based DC Fan Control System

Wi-Fi Based Water Level Monitoring & Motor Pump Controller

This development is used to overcome the pressure of physical process of water pump motor control. The purpose can be divided in sensing unit and control unit. The sensing unit is a contactless ultrasonic sensor which can evaluate an obstacle up to 4 meters. In our case,

In our case, an obstacle for the sensor is water surface level. The ultrasonic digital sensor section is interfaced with the microcontroller. The control unit is the motor on/off the circuit.

Microcontroller used in this the project is ATMEGA328.The water level is monitored remotely using wi-fi communication with the android app. We are using ESP8266 module to transmit data to remote end. The water pump motor is connected through relay driver. The motor pump can be turned On / Off using android app.

Software:

• ARDUINO IDE
• EMBEDDED CPP CODE
• PROTEUS SIMULATOR

Hardware:

1. ATMEGA328 Microcontroller
2. Ultrasonic sensor Module HC-SR04
3. Relay Driver
4. Water Motor Pump
5. ESP8266 Wi-Fi Module

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Shared Steering Control between Driver and an Automation to avoid Accidents

AIM: The main objective of this project Shared Steering Control between Driver and an Automation to avoid Accidents when the driver is in fatigue State is to develop an embedded system, which is used follow a line and also giving a buzzer while any obstacle comes in the way.

IMPLEMENTATION: This Shared Steering Control between Driver and an Automation to avoid Accidents project is implemented 8051 based At89s52 developed board interfaced with Photosensors, ultrasonic sensor, H-Bridge driver, and motors.

BLOCK DIAGRAM & POWER SUPPLY:


DESCRIPTION: A car is having many capabilities. The car will do any number of tasks according to the program done by the controller inside. It seems a useless thing if it is uncontrollable. Here controlling a car is the main task has to consider while the driver is in fatigue state.

The car Platform employs two DC motors for the drive. In this project, the car will be followed a line up to the tracking object meanwhile any obstacle comes it will give a buzzer sound. After removing the obstacle it follows the line normally.

Since car Platform is equipped with two motors for the drive, controlling the motors, i.e. when making a right turn, the right wheel can be stopped i.e. power to the DC motor is switched off. The left wheel is driven i.e. left DC motor is on. This causes the system to take a right turn. Similarly for a left turn.

The detector circuitry consists of the ultrasonic integrated detection module. The detector houses the emitter as well as a detector. The detectors are positioned accurately either side of the line. They are placed such that they are just out of the line.

SOFTWARE:

Embedded ‘C’
RIDE to write code
ISP to burn the chip

HARDWARE:

At89s52 based our own developed board
Power Supply
Photosensors
H-Bridge driver
Robotic platform
Ultrasonic sensor

ADVANTAGES: Low cost, automated operation, Low Power consumption.

REFERENCES

1. The 8051 microcontroller and embedded systems by Mazidi.

2. www.wikipedia.org

3. WWW.atmel.com

4. www.8051projects.com

5. Embedded systems with 8051 by kenith j ayala

Micro Controller Based Drug Dispenser Project

ABSTRACT

With the present day environment, and with the work pressure the individual is carrying, it becomes highly impossible to take of a family member, who is undergoing therapy.

Sometimes it may be impossible to remember his/her own medicines and their time of consumption, thereby missing their medicine or the time of its administration.

In such cases, if any equipment is there which can give some sort of indication, to the individual concerned so that he can take his medicine. The same can be used even to use for other patients also.

In the present project, a microcontroller based drug dispenser is to be developed. The drug dispenser can be used to provide an indication of the medicine time, and it also dispenses the medicine to be consumed. The present project deals with a minimum of six medicines.

The doctor will prescribe each medicine time and dosage, and the same can be fed to the instrument, via a keyboard hooked up to the microcontroller. At the time when the said drug is to be consumed, the instrument provides the medicine (tablet or capsule) in the tray.

The medicine goes to the tray by rotating a motor, which dispenses only one tablet or capsule into the tray, and in the similar fashion all the drugs to be consumed are provided in the tray, and then the instrument provides the alarm.

The drugs and their timings can be programmed and can be easily programmed.

The instrument to be designed is to use an advanced microcontroller and needs to have an interface to a keyboard and also motors and sensors.