Temperature Based DC Fan Control ECE Project Abstract

The point of the project is to outline a programmed temperature based fan control system that controls the speed of the fan. On the off chance that the temperature expands the speed of the fan additionally increments, and the temperature diminishes the speed of the fan likewise diminishes.

Mechanizing the on/off condition of a fan is valuable from numerous points of view it keeps the misuse of vitality when it’s not sufficiently hot for a fan to be required; it additionally makes it conceivable to screen situations that are not happy, or conceivable, for people to screen, particularly for broadened timeframes.

By interfacing a temperature sensor to a PolyBlock in Compare Mode, it’s very easy to turn on a fan when the incentive from the temperature sensor surpasses a given edge. Associating the fundamental segments for a Temperature Controlled Fan is clear. The thought is that the temperature sensor delivers a voltage that is corresponding to the temperature in degrees.

The project comprises of a microcontroller a temperature sensor ADC DC motored fan and a DC engine driver, the temperature sensor ADC and a DC engine driver are interfaced to the microcontroller. At the point when the framework is exchanged on the microcontroller empowers every one of its peripherals and begins perusing the information from the ADC and contrasts those qualities and the set predefined esteems if the temperature esteem surpasses the set predefined esteems then the microcontroller works the DC engine driver to expand the driving ebb and flow of the engine in order to build the speed and abatement the driving ebb and flow when temperature diminishes this shows the ADC esteems are straightforwardly corresponding driving ebb and flow of the DC engine, the DC engine driver is thusly associated with the DC engine.

In this way, we outline a temperature based microcontroller worked DC fan control.

Block Diagram of Temperature Based DC Fan Control System

Wi-Fi Based Water Level Monitoring & Motor Pump Controller

This development is used to overcome the pressure of physical process of water pump motor control. The purpose can be divided in sensing unit and control unit. The sensing unit is a contactless ultrasonic sensor which can evaluate an obstacle up to 4 meters. In our case,

In our case, an obstacle for the sensor is water surface level. The ultrasonic digital sensor section is interfaced with the microcontroller. The control unit is the motor on/off the circuit.

Microcontroller used in this the project is ATMEGA328.The water level is monitored remotely using wi-fi communication with the android app. We are using ESP8266 module to transmit data to remote end. The water pump motor is connected through relay driver. The motor pump can be turned On / Off using android app.

Software:

• ARDUINO IDE
• EMBEDDED CPP CODE
• PROTEUS SIMULATOR

Hardware:

1. ATMEGA328 Microcontroller
2. Ultrasonic sensor Module HC-SR04
3. Relay Driver
4. Water Motor Pump
5. ESP8266 Wi-Fi Module

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Shared Steering Control between Driver and an Automation to avoid Accidents

AIM: The main objective of this project Shared Steering Control between Driver and an Automation to avoid Accidents when the driver is in fatigue State is to develop an embedded system, which is used follow a line and also giving a buzzer while any obstacle comes in the way.

IMPLEMENTATION: This Shared Steering Control between Driver and an Automation to avoid Accidents project is implemented 8051 based At89s52 developed board interfaced with Photosensors, ultrasonic sensor, H-Bridge driver, and motors.

BLOCK DIAGRAM & POWER SUPPLY:


DESCRIPTION: A car is having many capabilities. The car will do any number of tasks according to the program done by the controller inside. It seems a useless thing if it is uncontrollable. Here controlling a car is the main task has to consider while the driver is in fatigue state.

The car Platform employs two DC motors for the drive. In this project, the car will be followed a line up to the tracking object meanwhile any obstacle comes it will give a buzzer sound. After removing the obstacle it follows the line normally.

Since car Platform is equipped with two motors for the drive, controlling the motors, i.e. when making a right turn, the right wheel can be stopped i.e. power to the DC motor is switched off. The left wheel is driven i.e. left DC motor is on. This causes the system to take a right turn. Similarly for a left turn.

The detector circuitry consists of the ultrasonic integrated detection module. The detector houses the emitter as well as a detector. The detectors are positioned accurately either side of the line. They are placed such that they are just out of the line.

SOFTWARE:

Embedded ‘C’
RIDE to write code
ISP to burn the chip

HARDWARE:

At89s52 based our own developed board
Power Supply
Photosensors
H-Bridge driver
Robotic platform
Ultrasonic sensor

ADVANTAGES: Low cost, automated operation, Low Power consumption.

REFERENCES

1. The 8051 microcontroller and embedded systems by Mazidi.

2. www.wikipedia.org

3. WWW.atmel.com

4. www.8051projects.com

5. Embedded systems with 8051 by kenith j ayala

Micro Controller Based Drug Dispenser Project

ABSTRACT

With the present day environment, and with the work pressure the individual is carrying, it becomes highly impossible to take of a family member, who is undergoing therapy.

Sometimes it may be impossible to remember his/her own medicines and their time of consumption, thereby missing their medicine or the time of its administration.

In such cases, if any equipment is there which can give some sort of indication, to the individual concerned so that he can take his medicine. The same can be used even to use for other patients also.

In the present project, a microcontroller based drug dispenser is to be developed. The drug dispenser can be used to provide an indication of the medicine time, and it also dispenses the medicine to be consumed. The present project deals with a minimum of six medicines.

The doctor will prescribe each medicine time and dosage, and the same can be fed to the instrument, via a keyboard hooked up to the microcontroller. At the time when the said drug is to be consumed, the instrument provides the medicine (tablet or capsule) in the tray.

The medicine goes to the tray by rotating a motor, which dispenses only one tablet or capsule into the tray, and in the similar fashion all the drugs to be consumed are provided in the tray, and then the instrument provides the alarm.

The drugs and their timings can be programmed and can be easily programmed.

The instrument to be designed is to use an advanced microcontroller and needs to have an interface to a keyboard and also motors and sensors.

Low Cost Intelligent Wheelchair Embedded Project

Design and Implementation of Low-Cost Intelligent Wheelchair

The main aim of this project is to design of low-cost intelligent wheelchair. This chair is designed for physically disabled persons.

It designed to control devices and to ask others their minimum basic needs like water, food etc. wheelchair movement is controlled by using MEMS sensor which attached to their hands; based on hand movement the direction wheelchair is changed.

If the hand moves towards right wheelchair move right direction if hand moves towards left it moves towards left. The movement of the wheelchair is done by using motors connected to the controller through driver IC.

To wheel chair two modes (Mode0, Mode1) particular mode can be selected by using push button. Keys are used to control the devices when it is one mode and in same way same keys are used to tell his basic requirements through voice using APR9600 voice IC.

Devices are connected to controller through relays. The communication between wheel chair and devices controlling board is done by using RF technology. If RF communication is used we require RF transmitter connected to wheel chair and RF receiver connected to devices to control.

The system uses a compact circuitry built around AT89S52 microcontroller Programs are developed in Embedded C. Flash magic is used for loading programs into Microcontroller.

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

WHEELCHAIR:

DEVICES CONTROLLING BOARD:

Wireless PC Data Logger for Smart Parking System

ABSTRACT

This project is about the new technique for solving parking problems and provide an easy method of parking. In the present scenario, people find it very difficult to park their vehicles in public places like shopping malls etc.

This project considers present parking system issues and provides a solution to develop advanced parking system. This project aims to design a vehicle parking system for the parking lot management. We are using here eight such parking slots.

This enables the car drivers to know the availability of parking space and to park it efficiently and easily with the help of LED Indicator Panel. In this project, we are implementing eight such parking lots. In this application IR transmitter and receivers are used to detect presence or absence of the vehicle. The information is then passed to the microcontroller which is then interfaced with the LED indicator panel to show the status of parking lots. The same information is transmitted to remote end using ZigBee technology. At the receiver, it is received and output is shown in PC terminal software.

The information is then passed to the microcontroller which is then interfaced with the LED indicator panel to show the status of parking lots. The same information is transmitted to remote end using ZigBee technology. At the receiver, it is received and output is shown in PC terminal software.

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

A Project on Automatic Lubrication System

Introduction

When lubrication is done on need base and automatically is said to automatic lubrication system. Automatic lubrication is a new concept which Aim’s to improve lubrication process. It is a new step ahead for complete automation of machine tool in industries.

Need

  • In the world, fast growing economy, where mass production is trend machine work for 20-22 hrs human maintenance activity is proved to be very time to consume and insufficient.
  • The quantity lubricant is very difficult to guess for the operator.
  • Improve lubricating and reduce the time required.
  • Insufficient or excessively oiling leads major breakdown reason
  • To eliminate the money spent on maintenance or lubricating personnel.

Construction and Working

The Automatic Lubrication system consists of a sensor, actuator, solenoid valve, battery, reservoir, connecting pipes and the mechanism to be lubricated.

Any rotating or sliding member subjected to friction and wear. This Automatic Lubrication system aims to reduce the friction automatically. A sensor which is capable to sense presence of the lubricant  in the rotating or sliding member is placed close to do so it gives to signal to operate or not, according to the need. Lubricant flow from a reservoir filled with lubricating oil.It aims to keep the optimum quantity of oil in the system.

Advantages

  • No need of human interferences just has to maintain the level of the reservoir.
  • An adequate amount of lubricating oil is supplied hence no chances of excess oiling or insufficient.
  • Reduces the time required to oiling than manual.
  • Increase the quality of performance of the machine and increase the life of the machine.

Application

  • Can be used all types of machines like lathe, milling, drilling, slotting etc.
  • Can be used heavy and fast acting construction types of machinery
  • Can be used in racing cycle.

Conclusion

This is industrial based Automatic Lubrication application project can be of very effectively to improve the performance of a machine.It can indirectly help the society.

Wireless Controlled Digital Score Board Project

Abstract:

Implementation of a digital score board with wireless control is the aim of the project. A digital score board can be used for football, basket ball and volley ball courts.

It consists of Five various display’s. First one for the countdown timer which can be set according to the requirement with a pause and start function. Second and third for the display name of the Team A and Team B, Each display comprises of four alphabet display capability with letter varying from A-Z and 1-9.The fourth and Fifth display are for the respective 2 digit scores of Team A and Team B .

The whole functioning of the digital score board can be controlled with a wireless remote handed over to the referee; The time can be preset in 4 digit timer i.e. with two display’s for minutes and two display’s for seconds, the timer can be paused and started any moment using the remote. The score can be updated by the referee. Score display can be incremented and decremented as per requirements.

The Digital Score board will be powered with AC power supply. It can also be added with a battery backup depending on the requirement.

Model of digital Score Board

Microcontroller based Smart Parking Control System

This Smart Parking Control System project Designed With Microcontroller attempts to cut the time to park the vehicles in the lot and help the motorists to recall the exact parked space. Motorists often spend a significant amount of time to park their vehicles in the parking lots during peak hours. They also may not remember the parked space of their vehicle precisely, while picking up the vehicle.

To solve this problem, an automated vehicle parking system is designed which serves the motorist to find a space for his vehicle within less time. The system displays about the details of freed-up parking spaces. The waiting time to park the vehicle can be reduced by providing this vacant space information to the motorists before he/she enters the system.

The system recognizes the vacant space and displays automatically, this display system can be provided at the entrance of the main gate, so that while entering in to the parking space, the motorist can find his parking place without anybody’s direction.

To sense the vehicle at parking place, infrared sensors are used; the output of the sensors is fed to micro-controller and according to the received information from the sensors, the controller displays, that the particular parking place is vacant or full. For the demonstration purpose three sets of sensors are used to simulate three parking sites.

The system is designed such that, when all parking sites are filled and there is no space for another vehicle, automatically the gate will be closed. To simulate this, stepper motor is used and the controller drives the motor, a small arm of 10″ is coupled to the motor shaft, which simulates either the gate is opened or closed. For displaying the information LCD panel is connected at the output of micro -controller.

Student college simultaneous alert to parent and HOD using GSM, RFID and RF

Aim:  The main objective of this Student college simultaneous alert to parent and HOD project is used to send a message after his son/daughter attended for the college and also the same acknowledge will go to the authority and incrimination of attendance every day.

Description :

This main motto of this Student college simultaneous alert to parent and HOD project is very much longer useful in colleges and also to the parents of the students. The idea behind this project is

1. identification of the student entry at the college in remote LCD display
2. Sending SMS to the parents of their sun/daughter entry at the college
3. Incrimination of the attendance details
4. Showing the student marks on the display by using RFID technology along with their password.

In this Student college simultaneous alert to parent and HOD project we will use 3 ACCESS cards for three students and executes the above points sequentially. The RFID reader which we are going to use for this project uses 125 KHz of frequency. Here in this project we will use total 3 wireless communications 1.GSM , 2. Radio Frequency, and 3. RFID

SOFTWARE : Embedded ‘C’
TOOLS : RIDE/KEIL to write code, ISP to burn the chip.
TARGET DEVICE : At89s52 based our own developed board.
ADVANTAGES : Low cost, automated operation, Low Power consumption.

 

BLOCK DIAGRAM :

Hardware : AT89s52
RFID reader
Max232
LCD
RF modules
GSM
EEPROM