RFID Based Shopping Trolley Project

The main objective of RFID based shopping trolley Project is to implement an RFID based security system to improve the speed of purchase. Recent years there are lot of changes occurred in terms of economic growth, living conditions, and global markets.

RFID Based Shopping Trolley Project Looks like:

In order fulfill these needs technology had come forward in implementing several automatic identification technologies and had caused a revolution in proving the quality of services. radio frequency identification technology is considered as the boon for the present day market in proving automatic identification facilities that helps in handling the goods and materials effectively.

RFID technology identifies the objects virtually unlike the bar code technologies, the phenomenon lies in the function of RFID tags in transforming data from the antenna i.e. coil to the reader.

By using RFID based shopping cart system project the security levels are increased, once the product is placed o the system it generates the summary of the inventory including the price value. And if any unbilled product is taken from the user it will alerts making continuous beep sound. The main components of this project are RFID tag, RFID reader, micro controller, driver circuit, alarm and relay. The block diagram representation is as shown in the below circuit.

Download RFID Based Shopping Trolley Project Report

RFID principles:

The RFID devices are mainly divided into two classes one is active and the other is passive. Active tags require a power source while the passive tag requires no batteries or external maintenance. The tag has of three parts namely antenna, a semi conductor chip attached to the antenna and encapsulation.

ECG Monitoring System Project

n this “ECG Monitoring System Project Report”, we presented a portable tele monitoring ECG based on Zigbee wireless communication module. The monitoring terminal will process the ECG signals and transfer it to the control system by means of Zigbee link.

Need of ECG Tele monitoring System:

  • In order to understand the patient condition effectively in remote locations.
  • Increasing efficiency in rescuing.
  • Monitoring the patient condition any tine and anywhere.
  • In order to achieve Medical device communication standards in storing the physiological information of the patient in previous conditions.
  • Utilizing telecommunication technology in medical diagnosis i.e. tele medicine.
  • Allowing a facility of healthcare to be administered outside a hospital.

System description:

The proposed Telemetry ECG Monitoring System had portable ECG terminal and the health monitoring center, the monitoring center is connected to the ECG by means of Zigbee communication module. And based on the signals from the ECG the patient gets treatment.

PIC MCU (Microcontroller Unit):

  The PIC16F877 is a low power high performance micro controller used in this project. The pin configuration and features of the micro controller is clearly explained in the below sections.

Download ECG Monitoring System Project Report

PCB fabrication:

The PCB fabrication involves the following process. Preparing a layout – copper clad sheet is cut – make relevant hole for terminals on the printed circuit board – cleaning – creating copper area using paints and acid resist inks – placing the components at the terminal holes – remove the un wanted materials – connect the wires at the pins – verification and testing.

Laser Torch Based Communication System

In  Laser Torch Based Communication System project we implemented a new generation “laser torch-based voice Transmitter and receiver” which is a good replacement for the present day communication systems.

Starting from the optical fiber communication wireless communication had taken several modifications recently laser based communication is gaining much attention in the field of space research and satellite communications.

Laser based voice transmitter and receiver:

Key points:

  • Laser torch acts as a carrier for the voice signal to be transmitted.
  • It is a wireless open channel system
  • Ability to transmit voice signals up to 500 meters.

Figure: block diagram representation of Laser Torch Based Communication System.

Condenser MIC:

Capacitor based electrostatic microphone, is a most sensitive for the low amplitude signals also. Its main function is to convert the audio signal into electrical signal. These are ideal for high volume work.

Youtube video link to view circuit diagram, block diagram.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PFE7Yz_sAp8&feature=youtu.be

Transmitter section:

The transmitter section is comprised of pre amplifier, operational amplifier, and heat sink for absorption of noise in the signal, VR, and laser diode.

Laser torch:

The laser torch acts as a medium for the laser. And it can transmit wavelength of range 780nm – 920nm.

Download Laser Torch Based Communication System Project Report 

Receiving section:

The receiver section of the laser communication system has photo detector for sensing the laser light, Audio amplifier for better audibility, common emitter amplifier and a loud speaker i.e. transducer.

Non Volatile Memory Technology Symposium

In our project non volatile memory technology symposium (OUM); we presented solution for the limitations facing by the modern day digital memory devices. Ovonics Unified Memory (OUM) is the most advanced technology which had unique abilities in proving High endurance, low power, nonvolatile RAM with high speed facilities.

Non Volatile Memory Technology Symposium

OUM is a non-volatile memory which stores memory by using chalcogenide materials. This material comes under VI elements of the modern periodic elements. It is an alloy consists of germanium, antimony, and tellurium used for the storage of data in memory devices.

Next generation memory devices:

Apart from many more memory technologies the semi conductor technologies are gaining enormous attention in providing reduced cost/bit storage devices. The mechanism in these OUM devices is a reversible structural phase-change mechanism from the amorphous phase to a crystalline phase in a thin-film chalcogenide alloy material. OUM technology implements the conventional CMOS process to form the thin-film memory element.

Data writing mechanism:

Primarily the alloy is heated up to its melting point and rapidly cooled for getting amorphous substance and to get crystalline substrate it get heated below the melting point and make to settle down the crystalline particles for 50ns, And then programmed the programming is done in OUM devices by electrically Altering the structure i.e. amorphous or crystalline, of a small volume of chalcogenide alloy. The memory state of the cell is determined by reading the resistance.

Download Non Volatile Memory Technology Symposium Report

Remote Controlled Fan Regulator Project Report

In this paper the remote controlled fan regulator project gives a better solution in order to access the electrical appliances in very quick time. Recently micro controller based automation strategies creating tremendous changes in this particular field.

Remote Controlled Fan Regulator

In present day industrial automation wireless technologies are playing a vital role in appliance control. Up to now they were several technologies were evolved in order to reduce the human efforts and controlling time.

The remote controlled fan regulator circuit diagram is shown below which consists of following major components.

About the circuit:

The circuit mainly consists of two sections one the transmitter section and the receiver section, the remote controller sends the infra red radiation beam at the transmitter section and the infra red sensor at the receiver end receives the regulated signal and then regulates the speed of the rotating fan at regular intervals at considerable rate of speed and good accuracy.

Youtube video link to view circuit diagram, block diagram.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B2dKd-hdtOA&feature=youtu.be

Block diagram representation:

The prototype circuit consists of infra red receiver module with an infra red receiver which is capable of receiving signals up to 38 KHz. And an accurate pulse is derived from a mono stable multi vibrator, counter circuit with the power supply circuit, and the triac is driven by the opto isolator which is used to alter the analog and digital signals.

Download Remote Controlled Fan Regulator Project Report

Simple Electronics and Electrical Projects

S.No Title of the Project Project Description
 1 Audio Controlled Flash lights
 2 Automatic Battery Charger This is a simple project that enables the user to charge up the battery upto the maximum voltage.
 3 Advanced Embedded Automatic Car Parking System This system automatically allows the cars to be parked according to the space available in the cellar.
 4 Automatic School Bell System The school bell is rung on time basis automatically.
 5 Automatic Street light control system The street lights are controlled based on the intensity of light.
 6 Automatic Token System for E-seva and Bank Applications This system issues token numbers to the users in the banks or E-sevas.
 7 Automatic Toll Gate system This system automatically collects the tax from the users at the toll gates.
 8 Cell Phone keypad Implementation using 8051 The cell phone keypad mechanism can be designed using 8051 and a normal numeric keypad.
 9 Dancing LEDS Different light patterns can be generated using this project.
 10 Dc motor speed and direction control using PWM In this project we can control the speed of the dc motor and its direction.
 11 Embedded Electronic Voting System Rigging can be prevented upto the maximum extent using this project.
 12 Embedded Green House Automation System The temperature and light intensity are controlled in green houses.
 13 Embedded Quiz Monitor system This system identifies the participant who has pressed the buzzer first and also displays the results at the end.
 14 Fortune Telling System This system displays funny, interesting and different message when the user inserts a coin in it.
 15 PC based Hitech Home Implementation We can control the home appliances just by sitting in front of PC.
 16 Home Automation using TV remote The electrical appliances are controlled using TV remote in this project.
 17 Home security system In this project we are providing security for home using different sensors.
 18 Implementation of Digital Calendar This system displays the date, day, month and year using microcontroller.
 19 Implementation of PWM technique using 555 timer for DC motor The DC motor can be controlled using 555 timer in this project.
 20 Industrial Fault Indication with Over-Voltage and Over –Temperature This system gives an indication immediately when the current values exceed the corresponding set points.
 21 IR based Bidirectional Visitor counter This project counts the number of persons or the objects entering the premises in any of the direction i.e., entering or exiting the room.
 22 IR Based Security system This system provides security by detecting the unauthorized persons.
 23 Line Following Robot This robot follows only black line. This is useful in security applications
 24 Microcontroller based Digital Code Lock The project is an access control system that allows only authorized persons to access a restricted area.
 25 Over Under Voltage Control System This project protects electrical appliances from over and under voltage.
 26 PC based Data Logger In this project, the temperature value is monitored and displayed on PC.
 27 PC based Real Time Clock using RTC The time is read using RTC chip and is displayed on PC continuously.
 28 PC based Robot The robot is fully controlled by the PC in this project.
 29 PC based Stepper Motor Control System In this project, the stepper motor cane be controlled using PC.
 30 Power Saving System and visitor counter for room This project displays the number of persons present in the room and controls the light according to the intensity of daylight.
 31 Programmable Alarm Clock using 8051 In this project, the time will be read and displayed on LCD.
 32 Remote Controlled Robot The robot can be controlled by IR/RF remote.
 33 RS-232 to I2C Protocol Converter Using this project, the data can be transferred between PC and memory devices using protocol conversion.
 34 AC motor speed control using TRIAC The speed of AC motor is controlled automatically according to the input.
 35 Temperature based Fan Speed control The level of fan speed can be set automatically based on the temperature.
 36 Temperature Monitor and Control using LM35 The temperature will be read continuously and compared with the set point. The appliances will be controlled based on the comparison.
 37 Time based Electrical Appliances control in Industries We can control the devices in Industries based on their on and off times.
 38 Water Level Indicator and Pumping system for Water Tanks Using this project, the water level can be indicated in the water tanks and also controlled.
 39 Weather Monitoring System This project is useful for gathering the environment variables from remote geographical areas for prediction of the weather.
 40 Wireless Stepper Motor Control The direction of the stepper motor can be controlled using an IR remote.

 

Contact us for more details about these projects ( info.1000projects{at}gmail.com )

Automatic Room Lamp Abstract

Automatic Room Lamp

DESCRIPTION :

First, let us understand why to use Automatic room Lamp? Now-a-days we are going through lots of advertisments of saving electric energy. With the help of Automatic room Lamp we can save and reuse energy. Find the simple block diagram of Automatic room Lamp.

BLOCK DIAGRAM of Lamp
BLOCK DIAGRAM of Lamp

The above block diagram of Automatic room Lamp used to disables the room lamp at day time and enables at night night time. Light Dependant resister(LDR) is the key element of Automatic room Lamp.

Operation:

We need to fix LDR Circuit near to the window/door of home where it can receive maximum sunlight.At day time if we open the door, the resistance of LDR Circuit reduces and leads the transister to remain in cut-off state. So the relay doesnot energize enough,and lamp remains off.
At night time, the resistance of LDR Circuit becomes high and its makes the transistor from cut off state to conducting state. The relay becomes energize and makes lamp to switch on.

We need power supply too operate the following operation.

 

BLOCK DIAGRAM OF Power Supply
BLOCK DIAGRAM OF Power Supply

This is block diagram of basic power supply circuit. Transformer is used to step up or step down the input voltage. The bridge circuit is used to convert the alernating current to a pulsating direct current. Since pulsating dc is not desirable, we used filter to convert it to more desirable dc. Regulator is used to maaintain the output of the power supply at a constant level.

Benefits :

Operated only at +5V(d.c)

No use of man power

Used in:

  • Houses
  • Educational Institutions
  • Medical halls
  • Shopping Malls

Five Dimensional DVD Seminar Topic

Introduction to Five Dimensional DVD Seminar:

We all know that a normal DVD can store to a maximum of 4 GB but a five divisional DVD can store 1.6 Terra bytes of data which is 300 times more than a normal DVD storage capacity.The name five dimensional DVD Seminar refers that it uses 5 dimensions for storing the data and there are 3 spatial domains included in the five dimensions. In this paper we will see how the five dimensions are used for storing the data and the architectural design of the five dimensional DVD.

Five Dimensional DVD Seminar

Brief on five dimensional DVD:

For the five dimensional DVD Seminar the new technology is used for storing the data it is nanorods which can increase the storage potential in the limited medium.

Multiplexed optical recording is the method which is an unparalleled approach which increases the storage capacity and allows storing multiple addressable patterns in the available volume. In three dimensional DVD, polarization method is followed for storing records of data each other.

The nanorods have the capability of splitting when projected under a laser light, which allows storing of multiple layers of data. The researchers are using gold nanorods because they have more stability and their tunable absorption property.

Conventional Optical Storage Schemes:

The five dimensional DVD Seminar is in a research stage and it takes a few years of time to come into usage. But by using these DVD storage capabilities gets increased a lot. As the data storage is heavy it takes a bit time to fro reading process. The ECE Seminar research is going on to overcome the drawbacks.

Recycling Technology Innovation Paper Presentation Seminar Topic

Introduction to Recycling Technology Innovation:

When we feel a certain thing of no use we throw it has a waste. The natural wastes can be dumped in the soil and they get decomposed after some years and they do not pollute the soil or the environment. Here We have implemented Recycling Technology Innovation for reducing electronic wastage’s in present business world.

Now a day the usage of electronic devices has increased a lot and do not have a long life so they are thrown off as a waste and they do not get decomposes in the soil and due to the silicon and other chemicals present in these devices they pollute the environment to a larger extent. The only way to reduce this is to recycle them. In this paper we will the recycle methods on electronic wastes.

Recycling Technology Innovation

Measurements to reduce and Recycling e wastes:

The companies should manufacture the devices with a recyclable material and the usage of silicon should be reduced and an alternative should be found for that. Recycling industries should be encouraged so that the waste material can be reduced and the pollution can be under control.

The usage of ferromagnetic materials and phosphorous and chemical material should be completely controlled because they form poisonous gases when they are burnt and spoils the soil when buried in soil.

Recyclable plastic should be used in the electronic devices so that the wastage can decrease a lot and the companies a reuse the same material which greatly cut downs their manufacturing costs.

Waste Management & Recycling Products Screen Shot:

Waste Management & Recycling Products

Future Recycling Technology App Development:

The electronic wastage should be reduced otherwise it becomes a serious threat for the nature and they cannot be decomposed. The government should take necessary actions and the people should be made aware regarding the effects caused by electronic wastes.

Download Recycling Technology Innovation Engineering Technical White Paper Presentation. Also See all Final ECE Seminar Reports and Project Paper Presentations.

Automation of Cars using Embedded Systems Technology

Brief on automation of cars:

In the Automation of Cars system we have a receiver and it receives the signals from the transmitter. We can use microprocessor based design or a microcontroller based design depending on the requirement. We can use a finger scanner for locking the car and a navigator can be placed in the car which gives the location of the car and we can get the direction to the destination by using GPS technology. Continue reading “Automation of Cars using Embedded Systems Technology”