Controlling Solar Panel Using MicroController ECE Project Report

Introduction to Controlling Solar Panel Using MicroController Project:

Due the extinction of the non renewable energy resources a rapid development had occurred in utilization, conservation of natural renewable energy resources, solar energy is major renewable energy available for the humans in the environment. In utilization of this solar energy scientists have been implementing several methods that reforms the efficiency in saving the energy prodded from the solar panels, through these researches a new concept had arrived in order to control and regulate the solar panels, here in this paper we introduced a new concept solar panel tracking system.

The main objective of our project is to control the solar panel angular movements based on the movements of the sun. The positions of the solar panel are altered by means of stepper motor and micro controller set, the variations in the orbit of the sun are divided into segments, Real Time Clock (RTC) is used to fix specific time limits for each segments.

Solar cell is made silicon wafer and it implements photovoltaic effect in order to convert solar energy into electrical energy, hence it is also termed as photovoltaic cell.

These solar cells produce neat energy about 1400 kilowatt, the stepper motor is used here to convert the pulses into angular movements, and its controls the movements of the solar panel, an 8051 micro controller is used in kit to guide stepper motor in controlling panel positions, DS1307 serial real-time clock (RTC) is used here is capable of operating under Temperature Range: -40°C to +85°C.  the hardware assembly was neatly explained, As per the research out comes average output wattage for a moving panel is around 6.9141 W is high when compared to the fixed panel, the load curve represents the power generation at various times in a day.

The solar tracking system has several advantages; it has low running cost, less impact on harmful atmospheric gases, long life cycle with good efficiency.

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