Agri-Bot (Agriculture Robot) Project

Abstract

This agriculture robot project aims at designing a live Robot which is capable of seed sowing and performing operations like ploughing, seed dispensing and pesticide spraying.

In present days we have many machines which are capable of seed sowing but they are hand operated machines, so we are designing a robot which will drill the soil and sow the seeds this robot has two modes of operations like auto mode and manual mode, in auto mode it moves in a particular grid by help of sensors.

This robot is capable of receiving few sets of command instructions in the form of Bluetooth tones with help of android app and performs the necessary actions. Bluetooth module receives the commands we have an android app which will give signals to Bluetooth at robot for controlling the motion of the robot.

Working Operation

This agriculture robot has two modes one is auto mode another is a manual mode in manual this set with help of switch button in manual it works with Bluetooth (HC -05) signals, in auto mode it works with Help of IR sensor in front of the robot for making a grid pattern seed sowing,

In this agriculture robot project we are using Arduino UNO as motherboard which will control the robot driving motors and seed dispenser servo .entire project runs on 12V lead-acid battery.

Block Diagram:

Voice operated Grass Cutter Robot

In this voice operated grass cutter robot Project, we have used Arduino Uno board and Bluetooth to receive the voice commands from android mobile with help of the android app, 4 Channel relay circuit board to make motor H-bridge circuit for driving  4 DC Motors to make the robot move in multiple directions.

The entire communication is happening with the help of Bluetooth modules.

we have placed cutter blade in the bottom to cut the grass.

Working Operation of the grass cutter robot:

Step 1: Switch on the robot.

Step 2: In android mobile open the android app (voice-controlled application).

Step 3: In that app select voice control option and speak “forward, Backward ” etc… based on the commands robot will respond on the ground.

Smart Luggage System IoT Project

Aim:

The main Idea of the Smart Luggage System IoT Project is to develop a luggage that could be user-friendly. The project is more of a luggage less of a robot.

Motivation:

  • Bags have always been an integral part of travel life whether it may be a travel bag or a plastic bag or even leather bag every bag has its own importance and carries different functions and utility.
  • Dragging the luggage all over the place has been done since the golden ages.
  • Thinking of a luggage which conveys its weight, tracks its location, which follows the user automatically or manually, by the touch of the present technology to the old baggage it may bring out its true potential.
  • This has motivated the project all along so that it is user-friendly and could be operated by a Smartphone.

Proposed System:

  • There are a lot of applications to the luggage but all of them are not controlled from the luggage instead the commands are sent from the mobile phone to the luggage via Machine to machine communication.
  • The mobile phone has a pre-installed application software with a pre-installed set of instructions.
  • They wait for the user to send the commands.
  • After the microcontroller embedded inside the luggage receives instruction from the user it acts accordingly. This can either be for tracking its location and send it to the user or send the luggage weight.

Hardware Components:

  • ARDUINO MEGA
  • GPS MODULE
  • ESP8266 Wi-Fi module
  • ULTRASONIC SENSOR HC-SR04
  • MOTOR DRIVER LM298N

Software components:

  1. AURDINO IDE
  2. MIT APP INVENTOR

Working Model:

  1. When Bluetooth is Connected

2) When Wifi  is not Connected

App Screens:

Screenshot of app showing Welcome Page

Screenshot of app showing HomePage

Screenshot of app showing displaying Weighing Module
Screenshot of app Displaying Weight
Screenshot of app when Tracking is Pressed

Screenshot of app in Autonomous Mode
Screenshot of app in Manual Mode

Applications:

  • Painting/Artwork Security:  With a GPS device owners can quickly learn the location of a stolen piece and recover it immediately.
  • Prevention of Car Theft: By installing a tracking device on a vehicle, the location of it can always be known. The vehicle can be easily recovered, but the device will also act as a deterrent for thieves. This will prevent the nightmare of having a car stolen from occurring in the first place.
  • Police & Private Detectives: Police can benefit by attaching tracking devices to baggage during investigations, allowing them to easily track movement and come up with solid evidence.
  • Hiking: With a GPS device, hikers who get lost can be recovered quickly should they ever come up missing

ADVANTAGES:

  • Don’t worry losing your luggage anywhere! It has an onboard GPS module to help you track its position using Google Maps.
  • Whole system integration is controlled through Application installed in Android where controlling the device will get very easy to the user.
  • Weighing the luggage will become easy.
  • The carry of luggage is changed with motorized wheels.

Future Scope:

  • The application should be more dynamic and it should show the live feed of the movement of the luggage which updates every time the luggage is in movement. The tracking could be taken online using the cloud technology.
  • The introduction of Digital Locks into the luggage will help the user secure the contents of the luggage with the help of dynamic encryption algorithms and techniques which will safeguard any Machine to Machine Communication.
  • It comes with GSM module which helps us to triangulate its location when GPS is failed to retrieve the data.
  • Get the status of the flights, regulations using app and pack accordingly.

CONCLUSION:

  • The limitations of the traditional luggage will overcome with Smart Luggage. The market is still new and has potential to accept the new face of luggage.
  • Know the weight of your Luggage at any time and pack accordingly.
  • Move the luggage easily using autonomous and manual modes.
  • The smart luggage will ensure its safety and builds security for its user. From built-in scales to GPS tracking and mobile apps, these bags won’t make hauling stuff any lighter, but they could make the experience less harrowing.

Automatic soil irrigation over IOT Project Synopsis

Project Title: Automatic soil irrigation over IOT

Functional specifications: 

• The system will detect the moisture level in soil with help of moisture sensor.
• The system will be interfaced to Microcontroller board which will be tracking the status of soil moisture level.
• A Wi-Fi module is interfaced to Arduino motherboard and the same module is paired with the wireless router.
• A small water pump will be activated automatically when the moisture level in soil decreases to a minimum point.
• The entire unit works with 9V/ 1A power supply.
• User or admin will get the live status report of soil moisture level in ground and water pump running status from a remote location.

Non Functional specifications:

• The entire project electronics part is fixed in 200mm X 150mm X 100mm ABS plastic box with mounting holes.
• The entire system will be fixed in a waterproof box with IP 65 standards.
• This project will be easy to use and a person with minimum knowledge can also understand.
• The entire system has very minimum wires outside with proper name tags.
• The unit will easy to configure the surface (Tree/pole / flat surface).
• This project is totally shock protected.
• This project is low-cost automation for farmers/agriculture sectors.

Deliverables:

Hardware

• Soil moisture sensor 1no.
• Water motor pump 9V 1no.
• Water pipes 2 meters.
• Arduino board 1no.
• AC to DC Adaptor 9V/ 1A.
• ESP8266 wifi module
• Connecting wires.

Software:

• Arduino IDE is used to develop the entire project source code.
• Eagle CAD is used to develop circuit design.

Automatic Touch Screen Testing Machine Project Synopsis

Content:

  1. Abstract
  2. Electronics circuit and embedded systems
  3. Mechanical design.
  4. Microcontroller program
  5. Android app

Abstract

Designing and developing an automation process for testing capacitive touch screen of mobile, there will be android app installed in mobile which displays few color blocks on lcd screen when capacitive touch pen touches the particular color blocks on lcd screen with help of automation process with X,Y and Z-axis movement by holding capacitive touch pen on Z-axis, when capacitive touch pen touches color blocks on lcd screen in this process color block on lcd screen will change if its touch sensitivity is good else the block color will remain same and feedback from android mobile is taken for evaluating performance of touch screen and feedback is displayed on LCD screen.

Specifications

• XYZ axis router setup.
• Atmega 2586 Microcontroller board.
• DC motor driver L298.
• 12V/5A regulated supply.
• Hi-tech 645MG Servo motor z-axis movement.
• 2 DC motors for x-y plane axis movement.
• 2 DC motor encoders 16bit.
• Capacitive pen and its holder.
• 20X4 LCD Display.

Electronics circuit and embedded systems

In this Automatic Touch Screen Testing Machine project we are Arduino nano board which consists of Atmega328 microcontroller with 2KB RAM and 64 KB flash memory this board will act as control unit which gives signals to DRV8266 stepper driver motors and 16 X 2 LCD screen, we have 4 input switches to select menu options all these are interfaced with Arduino nano motherboard.

List of components used in this project.

• Arduino nano 1no.
• DRV8266 stepper motor driver 2nos.
• Nima 13 stepper motos 2nos.
• Servo motor 90G 1no.
• 16 X 2 alphanumeric LCD.
• Input switches.
• Connectors and wires.
• 12V / 2A Adaptor.
• Dotted PCB.
In our Automatic Touch Screen Testing Machine project, we have used dotted PCB for interfacing.

Block diagram of electronics parts

Circuit working operation

We are using 12V / 2A adaptor for powering our circuit board Arduino nano and DRV8825, Arduino nano plays a major role in this Automatic Touch Screen Testing Machine project.