Introduction to Adaptive Camouflage Project:
The project is “Adaptive Camouflage”. It is a group of camouflage technologies. It allows the object to blend into surroundings by the use of their appearance, color, altering, prevents shadows, luminance, and reflective properties. In these technologies one of the best is active camouflage, which is taken from animals because of their capacity to provide exact concealment from visual detection.
The detection produced by the human eye and optical sensor is avoided by this technology. Active camouflage provides perfect concealment in two different ways. First one is, it makes the camouflaged objects not similar to its surroundings but by the mimicry makes effectively invisible. Second one is when the changes occur in the background then active camouflage changes the appearance of the object.
Adaptive camouflage shows the perfect object and its surroundings for this purpose, it should follow three methods. 1st method is Light Surface Reflectivity, in which a retro-reflective material is used for getting brightness reflection with the help of perfect smooth surface like mirror because incident rays and reflected rays came from same angle with mirror surface. 2nd method is TV & Camera method (it has two technologies. They are CCD& CMOS), in which for capturing the image active-pixel sensor is required. The advantages of both CCD and CMOS involved in a single active-pixel sensor.
And third one is Meta materials method, in which Metamaterial will collect rays from all directions and emits in a single direction. Radio antennas will do same and include wavelengths. Applications of the adaptive camouflage are military, security of valuables, precious jewelry, documents, Doctors performing surgery to see through their hands and get a clear view of biological tissues, aircraft landing, to see outside world for windowless buildings and automobiles, it will provide view section. By using this we can know the surroundings of the target.