Introduction to Energy Theft Detector Electronics Project:
The proposed design is to identify the theft energy in the power lines. This design is a microcontroller based design which identifies the users who are illegally using the power. Radio communication is used in between the consumer who user power and substation where the theft identification is monitored. In this paper we will look into the theft detector design and how these are employed in power lines for identifying the theft energy.
Brief on the design and the working model:
The entire design consists of two parts one is the mechanism for identifying the theft energy in the consumer place and the other is to transmit the information regarding theft identification to the substation using radio communication. The microcontroller present at the receiver will decode the information for monitoring. Here a touch sensor or a electrostatic sensor is provided in the meter and
when the user open it due to electrostatic charge present in the human body energizes the transistor and it drives the relay present and transmits a signal with the help of the FM transmitter and at the receiver the signal will be decode by the microcontroller which displays the address of the meter. A 8051 microcontroller is used for monitoring the received signal at the receiver. Analog to digital converters are used so as to convert the incoming analog signal to digital signal and is fed to the microcontroller.
This entire design is available at a low cost and it can be easily installed in the meters. It consumes very less power for its functioning and it can work continuously without any interruption. This is an efficient device for identifying the energy theft identification in the he rural areas. If the number of users increases then the frequencies may not be sufficient so the carrier levels has to varied from region to region.