Pneumatic Six Axis Material Handling Equipment

The current material handling processes includes complicated designs and the cost of the system is also high. Hence every industry is in need of a suitable material handling equipment which must be of low cost and also it must be flexible enough for the users.

This Pneumatic Six Axis Material Handling Equipment project serves as best for satisfying the above conditions. We used pneumatic application for the automation and it can be moved in six axis such that the entire material handling process can be automated.

WORKING PRINCIPLE

Our Pneumatic Six Axis Material Handling Equipment project consists of six pneumatic cylinders which are actuated with the help of the compressed air from the compressor. One pneumatic cylinder is attached at the bottom of the setup which is coupled with the rack and pinion arrangement and this cylinder is used to rotate the setup in 360°.

Another cylinder is placed vertically which is used to actuate the arm of the machine. The third cylinder is provided just above the vertical cylinder for achieving the raising and lowering action of the arm. The fourth cylinder is used to extend and retard the arm.

The fifth cylinder is used to raise and lower the gripper assembly. The last cylinder is used to actuate the gripper setup which is usually used to hold the work materials. Corresponding pneumatic cylinders are actuated with the help of the compressed air from the separate compressors and the material from one place in transferred to the other place with the help of this six axis material handling equipment.

This machine is highly useful since it can be moved in 360°.

2D DRAWING

ADVANTAGES

  • Simple in construction.
  • Easily available components are used.
  • Can lift heavy objects that cannot be lifted with bare hands.
  • Highly reliable.
  • No need of skilled operators to operate this machine.
  • The life of the machine is high.
  • Maintenance free system.

DISADVANTAGES

  • Semi automated machine.
  • Need separate compressor for the effective operation of the system.
  • If any one of the cylinders gets damaged, the entire operation if affected.

APPLICATIONS

These types of pneumatic six axis material handling equipment have a wide range of applications in the fields like,

  • All industries,
  • Highly suitable for assembly and packing industries.
  • All manufacturing plants.

Design and Finite Element Analysis of Wind Turbine Hub

Abstract 

One of the crucial parts in wind turbine is Hub, which experience the loads from the blades and the loads were transmitted to the main shaft.

In this Design and Finite Element Analysis of Wind Turbine Hub project extreme loads and fatigue loads cases (IEC loads) were taken in to consideration and analysis are done for the two different materials viz cast iron and aluminum alloy.

Existing material is Cast Iron GGG 40.3 which has disadvantages like Very expensive Material for casting ,  Cost of Material is so High, Weight of the Hub is huge. In the Existing Material  we have so many disadvantages, so that to overcome we have chosen the  alternative material as Aluminum Alloy  6061.

Which has Advantages like Strength to weight ratio, Gradual  Reduction in cost,  Reduction in  the weight of the hub.

Finite element analysis is used to compare the above materials with extreme and fatigue load condition as per IEC load are discussed in this Design and Finite Element Analysis of Wind Turbine Hub project.

Automatic Sowing Machine Project

The growth or development of any nation in the world is purely depends up on the agriculture production. Traditional methods of sowing seeds manually consume lot of time and also it may not be accurate because of human errors.

Maintaining uniformity in seed planting can increase the sowing efficiency, there by to over come all these problems, these days former’s are using automatic sowing machines.

In this regard to enhance the technology in the field of sowing machines, mainly to increase the sowing efficiency, this project work is taken up, which is designed as programmable such that distance between the seeds in ‘X’ and ‘Y’ directions (seeds are supposed to be planted) can be programmed independently.

The Automatic Sowing Machine designed here is quite useful for the large cultivated areas, when compared with man power many acres can be planted with seeds within less time, therefore to prove the concept practically, for the demonstration purpose a proto type module with less speed is constructed with microcontroller unit.

The mechanical transmission section is constructed with four different motors, with the help of one higher rating stepper motor, the entire machine along with seeds container is designed to travel in forward and reverse directions.

Using another higher rating stepper motor, the seeds container arranged over the vehicle at front side is designed to travel in horizontal in both the directions.

Using one reduction gear mechanism DC motor, the seeds container is pulled down for planting the seed through pipe. Similarly using another simple DC motor, the seeds container is vibrated for free movement of seeds through pipe.

In addition to these four motors, a solenoid coil is used to control the seeds. The detailed description of entire process is provided in following chapters.

AUTOMATIC SOWING MACHINE BLOCK DIAGRAM

  • Stepper Motor drive card Designed with power MOSFETS
  • Stepper Motor 1 used to drive the vehicle that carries Sowing Machine in forward & Reverse directions
  • Keyboard used to program the distance between the planting points in Horizontal & Vrtical directions
  • LCD Panel used to display the planting points distance in cm
  • Stepper Motor drive card Designed with power MOSFETS
  • Stepper Motor 2 used to drive the Seed planting Machine in Horizontal direction

MICROCONTROLLER UNIT DESIGNED WITH 89C51

  • 12V DC Motor used to Vibrate the Seeds Container
  • Solenoid coil used to close and open the seeds pipe
  • 12V DC Motor with Reduction gear Mechanism, used to pull down the Seeds container Mechanism
    12V BATTERY
    5V Regulator

Automatic Conveyor Belt System with Metal Detector for Carrying the Luggage at Air Ports (mC)

Aim: The system is aimed to detect a particular bag that carries metal objects. If such bag is identified, automatically the conveyor belt system that carries the luggage of passengers will be stopped automatically & raises an alarm.

WORKING: The luggage carrier system designed with electro mechanical components is controlled by the C unit: the output of the metal detector is fed to the controller.

Whenever the controller receives signal from the metal detector, it breaks supply to the motor through relay, which in turn machine will be stopped & at the same time alarm will be energized until that particular bag is removed from the belt.

The belt runs again by activating the reset button.

Presentation on Automatic Walking Machine

Contents

  1. Introduction of Machine
  2. Objective
  3. Methodology
  4. Literature Survey
  5. Material Solution
  6. Schematic Diagram

Introduction Of Machine

  • Different types of Machines are available for traveling Min. distance in city. Like Activa, Yo Bikes.etc.
  • But Mostly they are going to costly because of petrol’s prize and Due to Automobile’s Heavy Parts.
  • We found the Problem of this kind That’s why we are invented the Mechanism which is Known as automatic walking Machine.
  • It is the machine which is Run or Powered By Motor or Drilling Machine, Which is transmitted to Warm Gears which is connected to Mechanism of Links.
  • Mechanism of links looks like Lepord’s Back side legs.
  • All-over machine frame may be made from Steel or wood.
  • üMechanism May be made from wood material.
  • It is electrically powered machine where no need of Fuel.
  • Capacity Of This machine will be 70 To 80 kg.