The CIVIL Project Report On Panama Canal Construction report gives brief explanation of Panama Canal Construction. This is one of the largest and most difficult engineering projects. The channel is not only a “way” of water between the two oceans. There are a series of 6 locks in two parallel tracks, lift and lower ships between the Caribbean and the Pacific Ocean. The Panama Canal is a man-made canal which joins the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. The first attempt to construct the Panama Canal began in 1880 under French leadership. This attempt was failed and saw 21,900 workers died. Then the project of building a canal was attempted and completed by the US in the early 1900’s.
The Panama Canal is a vital resource for the international trade and is an important link between two oceans of the world. However, its future is in doubt due to massive deforestation. Despite environmental laws enacted to protect the watersheds, Panama lacks the resources to ensure their safety. By the time the canal was completed, a total of 27,500 workmen are estimated to have died in the French and American efforts. The reasons behind the French failing to complete the project were due to the diseases carrying mosquitoes and the yellow fever and the inadequacy of their machinery. An excess of 1.53 million cubic metres of concrete was used in the construction of the Gatun locks alone.
The canal was completed in 1913 by the United States, after France failed twice to get it built. This is another legacy in today’s world, the glorious 19th Century engineers. This hard work of the engineers who did not loss hopes and tried to Construction Panama Canal and now the whole world says that Civil Engineers made the IMPOSSIBLE to possible.
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This Labour Relation Project Report Civil Engineering Project describes Labour Relations, A labour relation is the study and practice of managing unionized employment situations. In academia, labour relations is frequently a sub-area within industrial relations, though scholars from many disciplines, including economics, sociology, history, law, and political science also study labour unions and labour movements. In practice, labour relations are frequently a sub-area within human resource management. Courses in labour relations typically cover labour history, labour law, union organizing, bargaining, contract administration, and important contemporary topics.
The report provides the details about construction back ground of India and economic growth of India. Today, India is the second fastest growing economy in the world. The Indian construction industry is an integral part of the economy and a conduit for a substantial part of its development investment, is poised for growth on account of industrialization, urbanization, economic development and people’s rising expectations for improved quality of living. In India, construction is the second largest economic activity after agriculture.
In the United States, labour relations in the private sector are regulated by the National Labour Relations Act. Public sector labour relations are regulated by the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 and various pieces of state legislation. In other countries, labour relations might be regulated by law or tradition. An important professional association for U.S. labour relations scholars and practitioners are the Labour and Employment Relations Association.
In conclusion we can say that, a unique feature of the transition of the Indian economy has been high growth with stability. The Indian economy has witnessed considerable progress in the past few decades. Most of the infrastructure development sectors moved forward, but not to the required extent of increasing growth rate up to the tune of 8 to 10 per cent. The Union Government has underlined the requirements of the construction industry
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Impact Of Rice Husk Ash On Cement Concrete Project Abstract is a lab report on CEMENT CONCRETE which IMPACT OF RICE HUSK ASH. HUSK ASH (HA), after the burning of rice husks (RH) has manufactured a high pozzolanic reactivity and property. Indian Standard code of practice for reinforced concrete and plain is 456- 2000, recommends use of Rice Husk Ash in concrete but does not specify measures. Chemical composition of Rice Husk Ash is affected in the combustion and the temperature. The report explains about the complete picture of the lab report with percentage value.
Rice Husk Ash contains silica in amorphous and highly cellular form, with 50-1000 m2/g surface area. Therefore, the use of Rice Husk Ash cement handling and improved stability, reduce the heat generation, thermal cracking and plastic shrinkage. This increases strength Impermeability, development and durability by strengthening transition zone, modifying the pore-structure, blocking the large voids in the hydrated cement paste through Pozzolanic reaction. Rice Husk Ash minimizes alkali-aggregate reaction, reduces expansion, polishes pore structure and hinders diffusion of alkali ions to the surface of aggregate by micro porous structure.
This report provides the complete picture and experimental methods of RICE HUSK ASH ON CEMENT CONCRETE production. It also explain the destructive test details. Compressive strength of concrete samples showed maximum increase 3.08% between RHA 7.50% to 10.00% which decreased further for higher percentage of RHA.
Reduction in water absorption, from results obtained from 6 tests concrete and 3 tests on mortar samples, it is observed that up to 10% RHA with concrete and mortar enhances all properties and it is observed that 12.5% of Rice Husk Ash by mass of cement as the optimum doses to be added in concrete production of M20 particularly when the husk is burnt under field condition to utilize the easily available and low cost resources for betterment of concrete structure with respect to economy, durability and strength. So best applicable percentage of rice husk ash as per field condition 10.00% for optimal strength and durability.
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This Highway Network System Civil Project Report is about Highway Network System to show the details of the road Network System. A road is a public road, especially a main road that connects two or more destinations. All interconnected series of streets may be different, like a “highway system”, a “road network” or a so-called “system of road transport.” The history of street art gives us an idea about the way the old days. Streets of Rome were built on a grand scale, and can radiate in many directions, to support military operations. Therefore they are considered pioneers in the construction of roads.
With the advancement of better roads and efficient control, more and more investments were made in the road sector especially after the World wars. These were large projects requiring large investment. For optimal utilization of funds, one should know the travel pattern and travel behaviour. This has led to the emergence of transportation planning and demand management. To improve the road control Modern Soil Stabilization Techniques has been used. This will help to construct the road in a better way.
Highway Network System Civil Project Report Conclusion:
Traditionally highways were used by people on foot or on horses. Later they also accommodated carriages, bicycles and eventually motor cars, facilitated by advancements in road construction. In the 1920s and 1930s many nations began investing heavily in progressively more modern highway systems to spur commerce and bolster national defence.
The new trends are initiative in the highway improvements. Now highways are well stabilized and more secure. The costs in the construction as well as in maintenance are reduced. These new trends are eco friendly because the use of fly ash is used as an important material and it is a residual of thermal power stations and in Free State, it is very harmful for the environment. So there is a great hope for the further improvement in these techniques.
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The Design Of Under Ground Water Tank Btech Civil Project Report is prepared for Civil Engineering course. The underground water tank used to store water, liquid petroleum, and petroleum products and similar liquids. The force analysis of underground water tank about the same irrespective of the chemical nature of the product. Under ground water tank are designed as crack free structures and leakage proof. Reservoirs below the ground level are normally built to store large quantities of water or kind of liquids.
There are various types of underground water tanks describe in this report which are purification tanks, septic tanks, and gasholders. The design principle of underground tank is same as for tanks are subjected to internal water pressure and outside earth pressure. The base is subjected to weight of water and soil pressure. These tanks may be covered at the top. Whenever there is a possibility of water table to rise, soil becomes saturated and earth pressure exerted by saturated soil should be taken into consideration. The report contains about the details about Gyanganga society which is a residential society constructed by Goel Ganga Developers formally known as Goel Ganga private limited.
The report explains about the Water storage in the form of deposits for drinking and washing purposes, the pools are becoming increasingly important for exercise and enjoyment, and sewage sedimentation tanks importance in modern life. For small capacities the rectangular water tanks preferred, while capacities we for large circular tanks supplied with water. Especially in the design of ground water tank includes a set of mathematical formulas and calculations. It is also long. Therefore, the program gives a solution in the above-mentioned problems. There is a little difference between the design values of program to that of manual calculation. The program gives the least value for the design. Hence designer should not provide less than the values we get from the program. In case of theoretical calculation designer initially add some extra values to the obtained values to be in safer side.
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