This Highway Network System Civil Project Report is about Highway Network System to show the details of the road Network System. A road is a public road, especially a main road that connects two or more destinations. All interconnected series of streets may be different, like a “highway system”, a “road network” or a so-called “system of road transport.” The history of street art gives us an idea about the way the old days. Streets of Rome were built on a grand scale, and can radiate in many directions, to support military operations. Therefore they are considered pioneers in the construction of roads.
With the advancement of better roads and efficient control, more and more investments were made in the road sector especially after the World wars. These were large projects requiring large investment. For optimal utilization of funds, one should know the travel pattern and travel behaviour. This has led to the emergence of transportation planning and demand management. To improve the road control Modern Soil Stabilization Techniques has been used. This will help to construct the road in a better way.
Highway Network System Civil Project Report Conclusion:
Traditionally highways were used by people on foot or on horses. Later they also accommodated carriages, bicycles and eventually motor cars, facilitated by advancements in road construction. In the 1920s and 1930s many nations began investing heavily in progressively more modern highway systems to spur commerce and bolster national defence.
The new trends are initiative in the highway improvements. Now highways are well stabilized and more secure. The costs in the construction as well as in maintenance are reduced. These new trends are eco friendly because the use of fly ash is used as an important material and it is a residual of thermal power stations and in Free State, it is very harmful for the environment. So there is a great hope for the further improvement in these techniques.
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The Design Of Under Ground Water Tank Btech Civil Project Report is prepared for Civil Engineering course. The underground water tank used to store water, liquid petroleum, and petroleum products and similar liquids. The force analysis of underground water tank about the same irrespective of the chemical nature of the product. Under ground water tank are designed as crack free structures and leakage proof. Reservoirs below the ground level are normally built to store large quantities of water or kind of liquids.
There are various types of underground water tanks describe in this report which are purification tanks, septic tanks, and gasholders. The design principle of underground tank is same as for tanks are subjected to internal water pressure and outside earth pressure. The base is subjected to weight of water and soil pressure. These tanks may be covered at the top. Whenever there is a possibility of water table to rise, soil becomes saturated and earth pressure exerted by saturated soil should be taken into consideration. The report contains about the details about Gyanganga society which is a residential society constructed by Goel Ganga Developers formally known as Goel Ganga private limited.
The report explains about the Water storage in the form of deposits for drinking and washing purposes, the pools are becoming increasingly important for exercise and enjoyment, and sewage sedimentation tanks importance in modern life. For small capacities the rectangular water tanks preferred, while capacities we for large circular tanks supplied with water. Especially in the design of ground water tank includes a set of mathematical formulas and calculations. It is also long. Therefore, the program gives a solution in the above-mentioned problems. There is a little difference between the design values of program to that of manual calculation. The program gives the least value for the design. Hence designer should not provide less than the values we get from the program. In case of theoretical calculation designer initially add some extra values to the obtained values to be in safer side.
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This Design And Plan Of College Hostel Civil Engineering Project Ideas is about design and plan of Girls Hostel. In engineering studies all types of constructions made with proper planning and designing. The house construct without planning which will not stay long. Every construction has its own planning and design. Hence, this project also shows the planning and designing methods of Girls Hostel construction. Everyone have its own choices of living styles. Girls also want to live in own living style. Hence, to construct a Girls Hostel engineers have to think and design the Girls Hostel based on the requirement.
The project requirement is for the separate girls hostel, because of the facility of the hostel to the girls is provide on the institution building, there is not the considerations for hostel life, so the requirement of separate hostel is mandatory. So this project designs under the direction of staff member of civil engineering department.
This project provides the details of Girl’s Hostel design. Depending on the requirements of the situation and environment of the site, the purposes for which constructed the building to be fit. Any construction of what so ever material and used for business education residential or other purposes is called building. There are 2 types of the building: – 1.Based on occupancy, 2.Based on type of construction. The specification site selection provides the details about level at the site, climate condition, sub-soil condition, availabilities of modern amenities, and availabilities of other facilities, surroundings.
In conclusion we can say that every construction should have proper planning and designing methods to fulfil the requirement of the person who live in the house. The site should provide as easy access from the nearest road and after sufficient light and air, it is always better if public services like fire brigade, police station etc.
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This CIVIL Project on Design And Development Of Shake Table report is about the shake table. Its start with introduction of the shaking table and continued explaining about mechanisms, kinematic arrangement used concept and analysis, the design procedure, along with the designing of various components of the shake table. It also explains the assembly, mathematical modelling, simulation, and analysis of the various motions of the model with the help of PRO-Engineering Analysis Software. The design of the shake table is completely described in this report. This includes the simulation and the analysis of the working model. The analysis is done by very sophisticated software and with precision.
Building in earthquake country can be a tricky business. Architects and engineers run simulations using models and shake tables to test the integrity of buildings and determine necessary reinforcements. There are different experimental techniques that can be used to test the response of structures to verify their performance, one of which is the use of an earthquake shaking table this is a device for shaking structural models or building components with a wide range of ground motions, which takes place in the building structure at the time of earthquake. The exact simulation of earthquake motion has been a challenge to engineers and researchers. Shake table testing is being increasingly used in earthquake engineering research centres worldwide, as it is the only available means of nearly truly reproducing the dynamic effects that earthquakes impose on structures. Finally the report gives future scope of the project is to manufacture the model with the dimensions.
Designing of shaking table which produces vibrations in horizontal as well as in vertical direction. This is used for the analysis of the vibrations in a structure at the time of earthquake. Architects and engineers run simulations using models and shake tables to test the integrity of buildings and determine necessary reinforcements and to study dynamic structural behaviour. This will be the device for shaking the structural models or building components prototypes, with a wide range of simulated ground motions.
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The Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Beams with Coconut Shell as Coarse Aggregates CIVIL Project aims at analyzing flexural and compressive strength characteristics of concrete produced using crushed, granular coconut as substitutes for conventional coarse aggregate with partial replacement using M30 grade concrete. Beams are casted, tested and their physical and mechanical properties are determined.
The main target area is to promote the use of these ‘seemingly’ waste products as construction materials in low-cost housing. It is also expected to serve the purpose of encouraging housing developers in investing these materials in house construction. The outcomes of an investigation carried out on the comparative cost analysis and strength characteristics of concrete produced using crushed, granular coconut and palm kernel shells as replace for conventional coarse aggregate.
The properties of concrete using coconut shell as coarse aggregate were investigated in an experimental study. Compressive, flexural, splitting tensile strengths, impact resistance and bond strength were measured and compared with the theoretical values as recommended by the standards. For the selected mix, two different water–cement ratios have been considered to study the effect on the flexural and splitting tensile strengths and impact resistance of coconut shell concrete. The bond properties were determined through pull-out test. Coconut shell concrete can be classified under structural lightweight concrete. The results showed that the experimental bond strength of coconut shell concrete is much higher than the bond strength..After studying the strength/economy ratio, it was Decide that coconut shells were more suitable than palm kernel shells when used as replace for conventional aggregates in concrete production.
The experimental Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Beams with Coconut Shell as Coarse Aggregates results of four beams, two each in CS and the NWC. The comparison of mechanical properties and structural behaviour of the NWC and CS beams. The crack width, deflection, ultimate strength, concrete and steel strains are analyzed and compared for both beams. Based on the results, the following conclusions may be drawn: The overall flexural behaviour of reinforced PKSC beams used in this study closely resembles that of equivalent beam made with NWC are presented in this project report.
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