GSM Based Smart City garbage Bin Monitoring System

This is Smart garbage Bin Monitoring System, In this Project, we are monitoring garbage of the dustbin, Once the garbage bin is filled we can see the status indication of the LED. There is an IR sensor in the garbage bin. In the same way, we also get the alert message is saying that the garbage bin is filled.

Here we are using GSM Modem, which is going to use to send an alert message saying that the particular garbage bin is filled and the indication is indicated there with Green & Red indications. If it is Green- The garbage bin is empty, If it is Red – The garbage bin is full.

Basically here the Arduino board is playing a major role in sending the commands to the GSM Modem saying that when to send the message. This Aurdino board is receiving input from IR sensors saying that what is the garbage whether it is full or empty.

When this gives the digital input to the Arduino, this Arduino will send the output signal to the status indication entities and also it sends the output signal to the GSM modem saying that send the message to the particular number saying that garbage is cleaned.

This is a very advanced project rather than IOT, in IOT there is lack of internet access but here we are using GSM. This GSM one message send to the Municipal Office and another message will send to Cleaning Section.

Density based traffic control system using IR sensors

Aim:

The main aim of developing this Density-based traffic control system project is to provide real-time traffic signaling system in the city to reduce traffic jam.

In this project we are using IR sensors, Sound Sensors, Aurdino Omega to monitor the 4-way traffic density. Each Line has 3 IR sensors, IR sensor is basically a sensor which can detect the obstacle, basically, it works on the proximity principle, It has an IR transmitter and IR Receiver, where IR transmitter sends IR Light where it sees any obstacle the same transmitter light will be reflected back and falls on the Receiver LED. Based on the light reflection,  here we are monitoring the traffic density based on the number IR Sensors Sensed.

Drawbacks in the Present System:

Huge Traffic Jam on the roads with the existing system

Auto & Manual Mode in the present Traffic System

In the Auto Mode, Traffic lights are in the Timer Mode the Time will fix for 1 minute or 2 minutes, Manual Mode takes more human effort.

Proposed Development:

But here we have developed as per traffic density the signal system will work, It mainly works with the help of sensors, If one sensor sensing when the green light signal time is 3 seconds, If 2 sensors are sensing then it will on for 6 seconds, If 3 sensors are sensing then the Green light will on for 9 seconds.

Based on that we just make a priority for all the 4 sides, Moreover, in our project, we have made some complex algorithm that monitoring the traffic density based on the IR sensors, this is just too makes the Things faster in the morning times when we are going to offices.

Moreover, it has a sound detector which can detect the sound which can detect the outer sound, but this is only the program to take the digital input of the vehicle. When the ambulance comes then the sensors will give input to the microcontroller board. This microcontroller board it makes the priority for this line of 9 seconds.

In this Prototype Kit, we have not used DSP Kit in the project. But the sensor if we connected to the DSP Kit if we connect to the microcontroller then We can connect to the ambulance siren also.

This Project can be applied to the real-time city traffic light signaling system.

GSM and GPS based Smart File Security System

Abstract:

The main aim of this Smart File Security System project is to design and development of a certificate folder tracking system. The tracking devices are GSM and GPS modules. The GSM and GPS tracking system are one of the modern accurate tracking devices. Our design comprises with the Arduino MC that controls whole the system.

These devices are used to locate the particular location of the objects such as lost certificate folder, identification of lost keys and send their coordinates to the user through an SMS. GSM digitizes and compresses the data, then sends the data to a channel in its own time slot. It operates at 1800 MHz frequency band. GPS receiver collects the information to calculate the user’s exact location.

The tracking devices are used to locate particular objects using GPS (Global Positioning System).The design consists of GSM and GPS system to track the location of the object. By arranging this tracking device in the objects like folders, briefcase etc. the user could track their location from time to time. This makes the user find his belongings within less time.

The design is done in such a way that the system could be arranged in less space and accurate in tracking locations. As there is a GSM slot in the design, the user could get coordinates of the object from time to time through SMS. The design consists of an alert system to find an object by the sound.

The size of the microcontroller can be decreased, and it can be arranged in the small objects. As this project is based on a microcontroller, GSM, and GPS. This project is developed with low cost by integrating GSM and GPS.

The system consists of different modules which are linked wirelessly with GSM modules. Cost effective SMS service of GSM network is used for transfer of data between the modules. This service provides the information about the location of the place, of the certificate folder.

Working operation of project

In this project we are using Arduino nano as microcontroller unit for reading and sending the data, We have GPS NEO 6M for getting the current location of module and this is interfaced to Arduino nano to pin 2 and pin 3, GPS NEO 6M will send the serial data in NEMA format to Arduino nano, and Arduino nano will take longitude and altitude values, whenever the GSM modem receives the message it is sent to Arduino nano and this will send the GPS location to sender (file owner).

GSM modem will be connected to Arduino nano to pin 0 and pin 1 RX and TX, Arduino nano and GSM SIM 800 and Arduino nano will communicate each other with AT Commands, GSM modem will have SIM card. We have small piezoelectric buzzer integrated into the file for easy identification of file with the sound indication.

Applications:

• Certificate files.
• Property document files
• Other Important log data files etc…

Conclusion:

This project is very useful as compared to existing file folders system which can track the file with small SMS with help of GPS system. This project can be further modified to IOT for more easy access with android application.

Smart Luggage System IoT Project

Aim:

The main Idea of the Smart Luggage System IoT Project is to develop a luggage that could be user-friendly. The project is more of a luggage less of a robot.

Motivation:

  • Bags have always been an integral part of travel life whether it may be a travel bag or a plastic bag or even leather bag every bag has its own importance and carries different functions and utility.
  • Dragging the luggage all over the place has been done since the golden ages.
  • Thinking of a luggage which conveys its weight, tracks its location, which follows the user automatically or manually, by the touch of the present technology to the old baggage it may bring out its true potential.
  • This has motivated the project all along so that it is user-friendly and could be operated by a Smartphone.

Proposed System:

  • There are a lot of applications to the luggage but all of them are not controlled from the luggage instead the commands are sent from the mobile phone to the luggage via Machine to machine communication.
  • The mobile phone has a pre-installed application software with a pre-installed set of instructions.
  • They wait for the user to send the commands.
  • After the microcontroller embedded inside the luggage receives instruction from the user it acts accordingly. This can either be for tracking its location and send it to the user or send the luggage weight.

Hardware Components:

  • ARDUINO MEGA
  • GPS MODULE
  • ESP8266 Wi-Fi module
  • ULTRASONIC SENSOR HC-SR04
  • MOTOR DRIVER LM298N

Software components:

  1. AURDINO IDE
  2. MIT APP INVENTOR

Working Model:

  1. When Bluetooth is Connected

2) When Wifi  is not Connected

App Screens:

Screenshot of app showing Welcome Page

Screenshot of app showing HomePage

Screenshot of app showing displaying Weighing Module
Screenshot of app Displaying Weight
Screenshot of app when Tracking is Pressed

Screenshot of app in Autonomous Mode
Screenshot of app in Manual Mode

Applications:

  • Painting/Artwork Security:  With a GPS device owners can quickly learn the location of a stolen piece and recover it immediately.
  • Prevention of Car Theft: By installing a tracking device on a vehicle, the location of it can always be known. The vehicle can be easily recovered, but the device will also act as a deterrent for thieves. This will prevent the nightmare of having a car stolen from occurring in the first place.
  • Police & Private Detectives: Police can benefit by attaching tracking devices to baggage during investigations, allowing them to easily track movement and come up with solid evidence.
  • Hiking: With a GPS device, hikers who get lost can be recovered quickly should they ever come up missing

ADVANTAGES:

  • Don’t worry losing your luggage anywhere! It has an onboard GPS module to help you track its position using Google Maps.
  • Whole system integration is controlled through Application installed in Android where controlling the device will get very easy to the user.
  • Weighing the luggage will become easy.
  • The carry of luggage is changed with motorized wheels.

Future Scope:

  • The application should be more dynamic and it should show the live feed of the movement of the luggage which updates every time the luggage is in movement. The tracking could be taken online using the cloud technology.
  • The introduction of Digital Locks into the luggage will help the user secure the contents of the luggage with the help of dynamic encryption algorithms and techniques which will safeguard any Machine to Machine Communication.
  • It comes with GSM module which helps us to triangulate its location when GPS is failed to retrieve the data.
  • Get the status of the flights, regulations using app and pack accordingly.

CONCLUSION:

  • The limitations of the traditional luggage will overcome with Smart Luggage. The market is still new and has potential to accept the new face of luggage.
  • Know the weight of your Luggage at any time and pack accordingly.
  • Move the luggage easily using autonomous and manual modes.
  • The smart luggage will ensure its safety and builds security for its user. From built-in scales to GPS tracking and mobile apps, these bags won’t make hauling stuff any lighter, but they could make the experience less harrowing.

Smart Helmet With Sensors For Accident Detection

Motivation:

  • According to a survey, in India two wheelers account for 25% of total road crash deaths. The main reasons for the fatalities are drunken driving, delay in treatment post accident and serious injury sans helmet
  • The main objective of this project is to design an intelligent system which will prevent a drunk person from driving and also identify accident if any. This system is capable of providing security and safety to the bikers against road accidents. The circuit is so designed that the bike won’t start without wearing helmet and if the rider is drunk.

BLOCK DIAGRAMS & DESCRIPTION

To develop a prototype of the product that includes the following Technologies:

  • RFID tag system for unique communication
  • Arduino Pro mini 328
  • GSM and GPS modules
  • RF communication systems

Working

  • This entire unit is powered by the battery. Smart helmet comprises of Arduino Pro mini 328,Piezo electric sensors, MQ3 alcohol sensor, RF transmitter, RFID tag and a rechargeable battery.
  • Here the Smart box is integrated with Smart helmet in such a way that the rider can start his vehicle only when he wears helmet and also if he is sober. After switching the bike ON, the rider must bring his helmet near to the Smart box to feed the RFID reader with RFID tag value.
  • The rider must now put on the helmet and after evaluation, a signal will be sent through RF transmitter which will be sending a code with RFID tag value.
  • The receiver present in the Smart box will accept the code. Galileo board will read the code and activate the relay. After this the rider can start ignition.
  • An SOS message with the accident location will be sent to the mobile numbers which are preloaded by rider(he can set those numbers by sending a message to gsm module) and immediate help can be provided.

Required Hardware:

  • Arduino pro mini 328
  • GSM(SIM 900A) module
  • GPS module
  • MQ-3 alcohol sensor
  • Push button sensor
  • Accelerometer-ADLX345
  • RFID tag and reader
  • RF transmitter and receiver 434MHZ (RKI 1064)
  • Rechargeable battery