Introduction to Integrated Solar-Wind System for Generation of Electricity:
Renewable energy sources are mainly wind, solar and hydro power. Geothermal energy is the thermal energy (heat) from the Earth. The temperature of matter is determined by the energy called Thermal energy. 20% of the geothermal energy of Earth’s crust is originated from the original formation of the planet and 80% from radioactive minerals.
The temperature difference between the core of the planet and its surface is called geothermal gradient which gives a continuous conduction of thermal energy from the core to the surface in the form of heat. At the core of the Earth, the temperatures may reach more or equal to 5000 degrees Celsius that is 9,000 degrees Fahrenheit.
Geothermal power is the power generated from geothermal energy. This new method of integrated solar wind system provides that how to reserve the geothermal energy and generate electricity while storing geothermal energy. The main logic using behind this application is the temperature difference of air at the various levels of atmosphere. Geothermal reserve is created during summer as the temperature or heat in atmosphere in summer is high and utilized in the winter
Since from Paleolithic times geothermal energy has been used for bathing and since from ancient Roman times geothermal energy has been used for space heating. About 10,715MW (megawatts) of geothermal power is online in 24 countries around Worldwide. Geothermal power is cost effective, reliable, sustainable, and environmentally friendly, but it is limited to areas which are only near to the tectonic plate boundaries.
Geothermal energy stored in summer and used in winter, as the energy stored or removed from the earth is reversible cycle we can also use the same system for the opposing cycle i.e., bi-directional which increases the output of the system. The mail advantages of this system are low maintenance and conservation.
Download ECE Project Report on Integrated Solar-Wind System for Generation of Electricity.