Introduction to Biometrics systems:
It is the method of authentication based on the biological science. It generally uses pattern matching technique. It utilizes pattern verification like finger print matching, iris blood vessel pattern, facial geometry.
It is very secure and reliable. They are now mostly used in the e-commerce, net-banking that has enhanced the confidence of people.
Advantages: its features are unique and the level of security is very high. Now are free from remembering password, PINs etc. it has reduced the tension of IT companies, now they have more secure workstations
Bio metric identification system:-It is used to identified person physical characteristics and it can be inditified by finger print identification, in this we match the finger print of the person because it remain same even the person become older. Other is Hand geometry, next is Palm Vein Authentication in which we measure the vein of the person. It uses the infrared rays. Another is Ratina scan, in this we analysis the capillary blood vessel in the back of the eye as the pattern remain same thorough out the life.
Iris scan, it provides the scan of rings, furrows and freckles in the colored of eye that surrounds the pupil. This uses more than 200 points to be analysis. Next is Face Recognition, in this facial characteristic i.e. the shape and size of the face of the person is recognized. Signature matching is the way of identification. Voice matching is also used to identify the person by analyzing the pitchstone, cadence and frequency of the person.
To implement this type of technology many software has been developed for security and business safety. they are used in most of banks for card fraud, telephone transactions, workstations, travel and tourism, internet transactions and now it is also public identity cards like ‘ AADHAR ‘.
Download CSE Seminar Topics 2012 on Biometrics .